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For the United Nations Sustainable Cities Initiative, Goal #16 is about strong indicators for peace and justice.

For Baltimore, the indicators identified by the University of Baltimore to date for this goal are as follows:

State/Local Public Funding for Legal Aid for Eligible Clients

Cost is often a prohibitive factor restricting a person's access to legal representation. This indicator is intended to capture availability of affordable legal counsel. We are in the process of procuring data for this indicator.




[ Proposed; no data available yet ]


Length of Time in Jail Pretrial for Misdemeanor Offenses

Criminalization of poverty is a major problem. This indicator will track the prevalence of civil or misdemeanor cases that result in increased severity of legal consequences due to a defendant's inability to post bail or pay fines. We are in the process of procuring data for this indicator.




[ Proposed; no data available yet ]

Civil Legal Aid Attorney Ratio

To calculate this ratio, we divide the number of full-time-equivalent civil legal aid attorneys employed in the state by the number of people in the state with incomes at or below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.



[ Data for Baltimore to be calculated ]

Violent Crime Rate per 1,000 Residents

The violent crime rate measures the number of Part 1 crimes identified as being violent (homicide, rape, aggravated assault, and robbery) that are reported to the Police Department.


Percent Population (Over Age of 18) Who Voted in the General Election

The percentage of persons who voted in the last general election out of all registered voters.



Tell us what you think about these indicators! Take the survey for Goal #16.

Goal 16 Global Targets

16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.

16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children.

16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels, and ensure equal access to justice for all.

16.4 By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime.

16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms.

16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels.

16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.

16.9 By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration.

16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements.

16.12 Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development.

Learn more about this goal via the United Nations.

Last Published 2/24/17