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School of Law Course Descriptions

Browse the course descriptions of all courses that the School of Law offers.

  • LAW: Law

    LAW 522A CICL STUDENT FELLOWS II (1 - 2)

    This course is an advanced component of the CICL Student Fellows Program and is open only to students who have successfully completed the first semester of the Program. Students enrolled in this course will attend the weekly seminar meeting of the CICL fellows and will be supervised as they engage in new analytical legal writing projects on international law topics in each semester for which they are enrolled. Students receive 1 or 2 credits, depending upon the extent of their involvement in the Program and the time they expend on their writing projects. This course may be repeated for a maximum of four credits. Prerequisites: Center for International and Comparative Law Student Fellows I [Limited Enrollment; Admission by permission only]

    LAW 539 CURRENT TRENDS IN CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE: A COMPARATIVE COURSE (3)

    This course will examine issues of current controversy and discourse in the US and the UK, including, government surveillance in the domestic and foreign context; government intrusion and personal privacy during "stop and frisk" encounters; provocation and self-defense, especially the duty to retreat; and the conflicts created by and strategies for effective use of international criminal triburnals. The instruction will balance the rights of the suspect/accused, governmental interests in safety, and the historical theories of punishment and regulation in a common law society.

    LAW 542 OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS (3)

    This course is the first stage of the Business School graduate Lab to Market program, where the technology is evaluated and a preliminary plan is developed using data from companies in the area of technology. The law student provides legal support and participates fully in developing technology transfer business plans on a team basis, with graduate business students and Publication Design graduate students, on technology from research laboratories. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 544A THOMAS TANG NATIONAL MOOT COURT COMPETITION (2)

    No course description available.

    LAW 546 J. BRAXTON CRAVENS MEMORIAL MOOT COURT COMPETITION (2)

    No course description available.

    LAW 547 NBLSA THURGOOD MARSHALL MOCK TRIAL TEAM COMPETITION (2)

    Since 2002, the National Black Law Students Association (NBLSA) has coordinated the Thurgood Marshall Mock Trial Team Competition (TMMTC). The competition is an opportunity for students to hone their trial advocacy skills, receive feedback from experienced attorneys and judges on their performance, show their trial capabilities before prospective employers, and apply their analytical skills on a case of contemporary relevance. NBLSA drafts the official mock trial problems, which can be either a criminal or civl trial, and utilize, the Federal Rules of Evidence. Team members are required to prepare for trial,which includes preparing and executing an opening statement, a direct examination, a cross-examination, and a closing argument. In addition, students must prepare pre-trial motions as well as prepare for evidentiary rulings during the trial. Prerequisites: Team members must participate in the consolidated moot court competition and must be members of BLASÉ prior to the consolidated competition.

    LAW 548A GIBBONS CRIMINAL PROCEDURE MOOT COURT (2)

    No course description available.

    LAW 549 CARDOZO-BMI MOOT COURT COMPETITION (2)

    No course description available.

    LAW 553 ABA INTRSCH CLIENT NEGOT (1)

    Membership on the team is determined by the faculty advisor through the annual Negotiation and Counseling Competition or Intraschool Competition. Information about the team may be obtained from the Moot Court Board. Two credits are awarded to each member of the team for successful completion of the regional and/or national competition (except for Client Counseling and Client Negotiation teams which earn one credit.) Students may earn an additional two credits for successful competion of the regional and/or national competion as a member of a second team. A student may earn credit a second time for the same team, when the rules of the competition permit a student to be a member of the team a second time and when, in the judgment of the team's advisor, it is customary practice in the competition for teams to have members who are participating a second (or third) time in the competition. When a team has more than three members, no more than two members of the team can be students who previously received academic credit for that team. When a team has three or fewer members, only one member of that team can be a student who previously received academic credit for that team.

    LAW 556 LAW FORUM (1 - 2)

    The University of Baltimore Law Forum, founded in 1970, is a legal magazine containing articles on developing trends in the law and items on law school achievements and activities. It is published under the direction of a student editorial board and staff.

    LAW 557 JESSUP INTERNATIONAL LAW MOOT COURT COMPETITION (2)

    No course description available.

    LAW 558A Moot Court Team- National Trial Competition (1 - 2)

    No course description available.

    LAW 559 WAGNER NATIONAL LABOR & EMPLOYMENT LAW MOOT COURT COMPETITION (2)

    No course description available.

    LAW 560 LAW REVIEW (1 - 3)

    The University of Baltimore Law Review is a scholarly legal journal providing in-depth analysis of issues of current concern to practitioners and judges within the legal community. Law Review membership reflects excellence in scholastic achievement, as well as legal analysis, research, and writing skills. Each year's editorial board selects, with the concurrence of the faculty advisor, the succeeding editorial board.

    LAW 561 MOOT COURT BOARD (1 - 2)

    The Moot Court Board operates under the pervision of its student chairs and its faculty advisor. Moot Court Board members are selected on the basis of their grades, expertise in written and oral advocacy, and demonstated interest in the program served by the Board. One credit is awarded per semester for 60 hours of substantive legal work. Typically, Moot Court Board members assist the interscholastic Moot Court teams and the required second-year Moot Court course (LARW 613 Introduction to Advocacy). A student who both serves as a teaching assistant and performs other substantive legal work may earn up to a maximum of two credits in any one semester.

    LAW 562 NATIONAL APPELLATE ADVOCACY MOOT COURT COMPETITION (2)

    No course description available.

    LAW 563 NATIONAL MOOT COURT COMPETITION (2)

    Membership on the team is determined by the faculty advisor through the annual Negotiation and Counseling Competition or Intraschool Competition. Information about the team may be obtained from the Moot Court Court. Two credits are awarded to each member of team for successful completion of the regional and/or national competition (except for client Counseling and Client Negotiation teams, which earn one credit). Students may earn and additional two credits for successful completion of the regional and/or national competition as a member of a second team. A student may earn credit a second time for the same team, when the rules of the competition permit a student to be a member of the team a second time and when, in the judgment of the team's advisor, it is customary practice in the competition for teams to have members who are participating a second (or third) time in the competition. When a team has more than three members, no more than two members of the team can be students who previously received academic credit for that team. When a team has three or fewer students, only one member of that team can be a student who previously received academic credit for that team.

    LAW 564 AMERICAN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW ASSOCIATION MOOT COURT COMPETITION (2)

    No course description available.

    LAW 565A JOURNAL OF LAND AND DEVELOPMENT (1 - 3)

    No course description available.

    LAW 565C JOURNAL OF INTERNATION LAW (1 - 2)

    The University of Baltimore Journal of International Law is a scholarly legal journal that considers the substance and progressive development of international development of international law as well as the political and economic institutions that support the international legal order. Topics include all areas of international law, comparative law, and U.S. foreign policy and international affairs. The journal places a special emphasis on human rights, democracy, the rule of law, and global justice. Prerequisite: None

    LAW 566 NATIONALL ENVIRONMENTAL MOOT COURT COMPETITION (2)

    No course description available.

    LAW 569 WILLIAM E. MCGEE NATIONAL CIVIL RIGHTS MOOT COURT (2)

    No course description available.

    LAW 570 BALTIMORE SCHOLARS PROGRAM (3)

    This course is limited to the eight undergraduate students from UMES, Morgan State, Coppin State and Bowie State who have been selected to participate in the Baltimore Scholars Program. The course will focus on providing the skills and experiences necessary for students to be accepted into, and succeed in law school. The course begins with an intensive two-week "boot camp' at the law school. The Scholars attend law school classes, read cases, and write assignments that they review with the full-time faculty members. They will also write, and rewrite, other assignments. They will meet with faculty and law students, visit law firms, and talk with lawyers both to learn how to succeed in law school and to become acquainted with the wide variety of career opportunities that are available to those with a law degree. After they leave " boot camp", Scholars enroll in a comprehensive semester-long LSAT preparation class. During this period, they will also be in contact with law school faculty who are reporting on their progress. The course will be graded on a pass/fail basis. Students will register for this course at the home institutions.

    LAW 578 AN INTERNATIONAL EXPLORATION OF WRONGFUL CONVICTIONS (2)

    An interdisciplinary and international perspective on the principal probelems that lead to the conviction of the innocent. The topics to be covered include mistaken eyewitness identification, false confessions, forensic science, "jailhouse informants," inadequate defense counsel and the role of the police and prosecutors. The course will review exoneration cases that have occured throughout the world and the response of various legal systems to the existence of this problem. The relative strengths and weaknesses of inquisitional and adversarial criminal justive systems will be explored in the context of preventing and correcting the conviction of the innocent. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 585 MASTER CLASS IN TRIAL LAWYERING (1)

    This course immerses students deeply in the real world of litigation. The design of the course is based upon step-by-step simulation of a case. Simulations include the following topics: analyzing whether a case is meritorious; conducting discovery and depositions; selecting experts; motions practice; alternative dispute resolution; jury selection; opening statements; examination of witnesses; and closing arguments. At each state, teams of students receive instruction on a topic, prepare for and present simulations; and receive feedback on their performances. Prerequisite: First year courses and Evidence. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 592B INTRODUCTION TO EUROPEAN UNION ECONOMIC LAW FOR NON-EU LAWYERS (2)

    This course examines the most important aspects of European Union (EU) economic law which are relevant for non-EU lawyers, as well as for non-EU companies and nationals. After a general introduction to the institutional structure and legal principles governing the EU, details of the free movement of goods, services, capital ( together making up the so-called internal market of the EU) are discussed. Moreover, the EU's own legal regime on competition and state aid is highlighted, an area of EU law that is also highly relevant for US companies. Attention is also paid to the common commercial policy of the EU and in particular the role of the EU in setting international trade standards, Finally, the complex legal framework governing European Economic and Monetary Union is examined. Prerequisite: None

    LAW 593 COMPARATIVE REFUGEE AND ASYLUM LAW (2)

    This course explores the international and national legal regimes for the protection of refugees and asylees. Topics include the history of the U.N. Convention on the Status of Refugees, the implementation of the convention through the U.S Refugee Act of 1980 and subsequent related legislation, political and judicial efforts to define the extent of the protections afforded under international and domestic law, current proposals to amend the laws, and the practice of asylum law in the United States. To the extent time permits, we will consider U.S. asylum law in comparison to selected other nations' asylum regimes. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 594 GABRIELLI NATIONAL FAMILY LAW MOOT COURT TEAM (2)

    Team members are required to prepare and submit an appellate brief to the competition and to compete in oral arguments, held in Albany, NY. Prior to the competition, students participate in a number of moot arguments judged by faculty, Maryland judges, practitioners, and other community members.

    LAW 595 ABA Labor & Employment Law's Employment Litigation Student Trial Advocacy Competition (2)

    The ABA Section on Labor and Employment Law created the Annual Employment Litigation Student Trial Advocacy Competition to provide an opportunity for students interested in employment law to deal with a realistic case, to practice lawyering skills, and to learn from lawyers who practice in the field.

    LAW 596 COMPARATIVE LAND LAW REFORM (3)

    The course in Comparative Land Law Reform will consider and compare land law reforms in Scotland, South Africa the United States. The 2003 Scottish Land Reform Act provides for a general public right of access to land throughout Scotland and empowers communities to take private lands with a forced sale. A post-Apartheid South African land reform program derives from the 1996 Constitution and provides for restitution and redistribution. By contrast current land reforms in the United States are a product of judicial not legislative action. In a series of decisions the United States Supreme Court seems intent upon limiting public regulations of private property.

    LAW 597 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW MOOT COURT COMPETITION (2)

    Write an appellate brief and present oral arguments for the Evans Constitutional Law Moot Court Competiton sponsored by the University of Wisconsin Law School in Madision, Wisconsin. Prerequisites: Selection of three team members through School of Law's annual consolidated moot court competition.

    LAW 599 INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL MOOT COURT COMPETITION (2)

    Writing memorial (appellate brief) and presenting oral arguments for annual International Environmental Moot Court Competition sponsored by Stetson University College of Law, Gulfport, Florida (Tampa Bay area) Prerequisites: Selection of three team members through School of Law's annual consolidated moot court competition.

    LAW 599A INTER-AMERICAN HUMAN RIGHTS MOOT COURT COMPETITION (2)

    Wrtiing memorial (appellate brief) and presenting oral arguments for an annual International Human Rights Moot Court. Prerequisite: Selection of up to three team members through School of Law's annual consolidated moot court competition.

    LAW 600 CIVIL PROCEDURE I (3)

    This course focuses on the process and procedures of a civil lawsuit, from the filing of the complaint through the final appeal. The course will provide an introduction to the structure and operation of the state and federal court systems in the United States, and will concentrate on cases brought in the federal courts, conducted pursuant to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Topics include pleadings, pre-trial motions, the discovery process, trial by jury, judgments and relief, motions after judgment, and appeals. Prerequisite: None

    LAW 601 CIVIL PROCEDURE II (3)

    This course covers those advanced topics necessary to a complete understanding of the civil litigation process including: personal jurisdiction and venue, federal subject-matter jurisdiction, the substantive law to be applied by the courts (the Erie Doctrine), complex litigation (including joinder of additional claims and parties and class actions) and former adjudication. Prerequisite: None

    LAW 602 CONTRACTS I (3)

    This course will present an introduction to the formation of contractual arrangements. Among the topics covered will be mutual assent, including offer and acceptance; consideration; promissory estoppel; and the statutes of fraud . Prerequisite: None

    LAW 603 CONTRACTS II (3)

    This course will present an overview of contracts remedies, including expectancy damages, restitution, and specific performance; the techniques of contract interpretation, including the parole evidence rule and the relationship between duties and conditions; as well as excuses and defenses, including, duress, undue influence, misrepresentation, fraud, mistake, unconscionability, impossibility, impracticability and frustration of purpose. Prerequisite: None

    LAW 604 CRIMINAL LAW (3)

    Sources and interpretations of and constitutional limitations on substantive criminal law; criminal jurisdiction; criminal act and mental state requirements; burdens of proof; criminal capacity; justification and excuse (defense); accomplice liability; inchoate crimes; crimes against property; crimes against persons; crimes against habitation; punishment.

    LAW 605 INTRODUCTON TO LAWYERING SKILLS (3)

    Integrates rigorous instruction in legal analysis, research, and writing with the substantive law to give beginning law students an opportunity to combine skills and doctrine the way lawyers must in the practice of law. The course is taught by full-time, tenured and tenure-track professors in sections with one-on-one conferences. Students will learn the law through statutory interpretation, case analysis and rule synthesis, print and online legal research, and legal writing projects. Doctrinal topics may include civil procedure, contracts, criminal law or torts. Legal analysis, research, and writing skills wilt be developed through course-work that includes critical case reading, analysis and briefing; common law principles and processes; factual analogy and distinction; rule synthesis and application; objective/predictive writing (office memo); case law and statutory research, print and electronic; citation form; and professional norms and ethics. Prerequisite: None

    LAW 607 PROPERTY (4)

    Possession and adverse possession; estates in land and future interests; landlord and tenant; concurrent tenancies; easements, covenants, and servitudes; rights incident to ownership of land; conveyancing; title guarantees and recording acts.

    LAW 608 TORTS I (4)

    Law of imposed liability for personal, property and economic harm; negligence (including professional malpractice), strict liability (including products liability) and intentional torts; causation and elements of damages; affirmative defenses and limitation of duties including: assumption of the risk, contributory negligence, comparative negligence, immunity, limited liability of property owners.

    LAW 610 INTRODUCTION TO LAWYERING SKILLS/TORTS (7)

    Integrates rigorous instruction in legal analysis, research, and writing with the substantive law of torts to give beginning law students an opportunity to combine skills and doctrine the way lawyers must in the practice of law. The course is taught by full-time, tenured and tenure-track legal writing professionals in sections of approximately 30 students with one-to-one conferences. Students will learn the law of imposed liability for personal, property, and economic harm, through case analysis and rule synthesis, print and online legal research, and legal writing projects. Doctrinal topics will include negligence (including professional malpractice); strict liablity (including products liability ) and intentional torts; causation and elements of damages; and affirmative defenses and limitations of duties including: assumption of the risk, contributory negligence, comparative negligence, immunity, and limited liability of property owners. Legal analysis, research, and writing skills will be developed through course-work that includes critical case reading, analysis and briefing; common law principles and processes; factual analogy and distinction; rule synthesis and application; objective/predictive writing (office memo); case law and statutory research, print and electronic; citation form; and professional norm and ethics.

    LAW 610A INTRODUCTION TO LAWYERING SKILLS/TORTS (LARW) (3)

    Integrates rigorous instruction in legal analysis, research, and writing with the substantive law of torts to give beginning law students an opportunity to combine skills and doctrine the way lawyers must in the practice of law. The course is taught by full-time, tenured and tenure-track legal writing professionals in sections of approximately 30 students with one-to-one conferences. Students will learn the law of imposed liability for personal, property, and economic harm, through case analysis and rule synthesis, print and online legal research, and legal writing projects. Doctrinal topics will include negligence (including professional malpractice); strict liablity (including products liability ) and intentional torts; causation and elements of damages; and affirmative defenses and limitations of duties including: assumption of the risk, contributory negligence, comparative negligence, immunity, and limited liability of property owners. Legal analysis, research, and writing skills will be developed through course-work that includes critical case reading, analysis and briefing; common law principles and processes; factual analogy and distinction; rule synthesis and application; objective/predictive writing (office memo); case law and statutory research, print and electronic; citation form; and professional norm and ethics.

    LAW 612 INTRODUCTION TO LAWYERING SKILLS/CIVIL PROCEDURE I (6)

    Integrates rigorous instruction in legal analysis, research, and writing with the substantive law of civil procedure to give beginning law students an opportunity to combine skills and doctrine the way lawyers must in the practice of law. The course is taught by full-time, tenured and tenure-track professors in sections of approximately 45 students with one-on-one conferences. Students will learn the law of civil procedure through statutory interpretation, case analysis and rule synthesis, print and online legal research, and legal writing projects. Doctrinal topics may include subject matter jurisdiction; personal jurisdiction; venue; pleading; joinder of claims and parties; discovery; pre-trial motions; choice of law; right to trial by jury; judge-jury relations; appellate review; res judicata. Primary emphasis is on the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and federal statutes; secondary emphasis is on the Maryland Rules of Procedure, Maryland statutes, and the common law. Legal analysis, research, and writing skills will be developed through course-work that includes critical case reading, analysis and briefing; common law principles and processes; factual analogy and distinction; rule synthesis and application; objective/predictive writing (office memo); case law and statutory research, print and electronic; citation form; and professional norms and ethics.

    LAW 612A INTRODUCTION TO LAWYERING SKILLS/CIVIL PROCEDURE I (LARW) (3)

    Integrates rigorous instruction in legal analysis, research, and writing with the substantive law of civil procedure to give beginning law students an opportunity to combine skills and doctrine the way lawyers must in the practice of law. The course is taught by full-time, tenured and tenure-track professors in sections of approximately 45 students with one-on-one conferences. Students will learn the law of civil procedure through statutory interpretation, case analysis and rule synthesis, print and online legal research, and legal writing projects. Doctrinal topics may include subject matter jurisdiction; personal jurisdiction; venue; pleading; joinder of claims and parties; discovery; pre-trial motions; choice of law; right to trial by jury; judge-jury relations; appellate review; res judicata. Primary emphasis is on the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and federal statutes; secondary emphasis is on the Maryland Rules of Procedure, Maryland statutes, and the common law. Legal analysis, research, and writing skills will be developed through course-work that includes critical case reading, analysis and briefing; common law principles and processes; factual analogy and distinction; rule synthesis and application; objective/predictive writing (office memo); case law and statutory research, print and electronic; citation form; and professional norms and ethics.

    LAW 613 INTRODUCTION TO ADVOCACY (2)

    Persuasive legal writing and oral advocacy developed through moot court and other exercises.. Students will be introduced to pleadings and other aspects of the pretrial process, preliminary and dispositive motions, and, ultimately, the appellate brief and oral argument. Prerequisites: None.

    LAW 614 Introduction to Lawyering Skills/Criminal Law (6)

    Integrates rigorous instruction in legal analysis, research, and writing with substantive criminal law to give beginning law students an opportunity to combine skills and doctrine the way lawyers must in the practice of law. The course is taught by full-time, tenured and tenure-track professors in sections of no more than 45 students with one-on-one conferences. Students will learn criminal law through statutory interpretation, case analysis and rule synthesis, print and online legal research, and legal writing projects. Doctrinal topics may include larceny, burglary, robbery, arson, and rape; murder, manslaughter, and self-defense; attempts and inchoate crimes; principles in the first and second degree; sanity and competency; and conspiracy. Legal analysis, research, and writing skills will be developed through course-work that includes critical case reading, analysis and briefing; common law principles and processes; factual analogy and distinction; rule synthesis and application; objective/predictive writing (office memo); case law and statutory research, print and electronic; citation form; and professional norms and ethics. Prerequisite: None

    LAW 614A INTRODUCTION TO LAWYERING SKILLS/CRIMINAL LAW (LARW) (3)

    Integrates rigorous instruction in legal analysis, research, and writing with substantive criminal law to give beginning law students an opportunity to combine skills and doctrine the way lawyers must in the practice of law. The course is taught by full-time, tenured and tenure-track professors in sections of no more than 45 students with one-on-one conferences. Students will learn criminal law through statutory interpretation, case analysis and rule synthesis, print and online legal research, and legal writing projects. Doctrinal topics may include larceny, burglary, robbery, arson, and rape; murder, manslaughter, and self-defense; attempts and inchoate crimes; principles in the first and second degree; sanity and competency; and conspiracy. Legal analysis, research, and writing skills will be developed through course-work that includes critical case reading, analysis and briefing; common law principles and processes; factual analogy and distinction; rule synthesis and application; objective/predictive writing (office memo); case law and statutory research, print and electronic; citation form; and professional norms and ethics. Prerequisite: None

    LAW 620 JURISPRUDENCE : LAW IN CONTEXT (3)

    This course introduces students to the philosophical foundations of law and justice, including some of the main currents of legal thought through the ages. Students will discuss the primary purposes of law, when and whether there is an obligation to obey the law, who has the authority to make or interpret the law, and what law has got to do with morality. This class will consider how laws and legal systems might be made to be more just and how ( or whether) it is possible to lead a worthwhile life as a lawyer. Prerequisites: None

    LAW 621 AMERICAN LEGAL HISTORY : LAW IN CONTEXT (3)

    This course provides an introduction to American legal history focusing on such topics as the roots of the U.S. Constitution, the effect of changes in politics, economics, and technology on the evolution of law, the historical development of freedom of speech, the paradox of the law of slavery in a nation dedicated to liberty, the conflicting views of the relationship between religion and government, the role of the Constitution in times of war, and the changing views of the purpose of legal education. Prerequisite: None.

    LAW 622 COMPARATIVE LAW : LAW IN CONTEXT (3)

    The course provides an introduction to differences and similarities among the world's legal systems. Students will discuss the variety of possible solutions to fundamental legal problems in differing cultures and legal institutions. The class will consider the constitution, litigation, legislation, interpretation and enforcement of justice, and how the United States legal system compares to those of other federations, states and nations. Prerequisite: None

    LAW 623 CRITICAL LEGAL THEORY : LAW IN CONTEXT (3)

    This course introduces students to a range of critical approaches to theories of law. These approaches are frequently understood to include theories examining the relationship between law and issues of race, gender, sexual orientation and class. The course will also study more generally the relationship between power and the law, and consider the extent to which law can be considered objective and rational. The course explores the origins of the "critical" theories, their basic principles and how they diverge from one another, critiques of these critiques, and their current influence and new applications in recent years. Prerequisite: None.

    LAW 624 LAW AND ECONOMICS: LAW IN CONTEXT (3)

    Development and critical examination of the economic approach to the analysis of law. Study of how laws affect and are caused by individuals' incentives and behavior, with inquiry into which social goals the laws are attempting to further and the extent the laws succeed at achieving intended and unintended effects. Tort, Contract, Property, and (perhaps) Regulatory and Criminal law will be analyzed. No formal economics background is required or presumed, and students without formal economics training should not hesitate to take this course.

    LAW 650 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW I (4)

    An introduction to the structure of the U.S. Constitution and the powers, rights, and liberties it defines. Topics include judicial review; limitations on judicial power; nature of and separation of powers; federalism, including the Commerce Clause and the 10th Amendment ; state action ; procedural and substantive due process; and equal protection. Prerequisite: None.

    LAW 651 EVIDENCE (3)

    Rules of evidence governing the proof of facts in civil and criminal cases in state and federal courts; functions of the judge and jury; qualification and examination of witnesses; proof of writing; judicial notice; competence and credibility of witnesses; opinion evidence; hearsay; burdens of proof; presumptions and inferences; real evidence; demonstrative, experimental and scientific evidence. Emphasis is on the Federal Rules of Evidence and Maryland law. Prerequisites: Criminal Law and Torts.

    LAW 652 PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY (3)

    Study of the ethics and law of lawyering, approaching attorney problems from multiple perspectives. Topics will include: professionalism, the organization of the bar, attorney discipline and disability, the delivery of legal services, the attorney client relationship, the duties of loyalty and confidentiality, fees, and various issues, including conflict of interest and substance abuse.

    LAW 655 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW II (2)

    An examination of First Amendment doctrine and theory, including freedom of speech, freedom of the press, the rights of assembly and to petition the government, the free exercise of religion, and the limitation on establishment of religion.

    LAW 700 ADMINISTRATIVE LAW (3)

    Analysis of federal administrative agencies, including their legislative and judicial nature, congressional delegation of powers, promulgation of regulations, adjudication and judicial review. Emphasis will be on the Federal Administrative Procedure Act. [Open enrollment]

    LAW 701 ADVANCED LEGAL RESEARCH (2)

    This course is designed to encourage and offer opportunity for independent research of high calibre by the student. Credit is conditioned upon the completion of an acceptable research paper on some topic approved in writing prior to registration by the Faculty Coordinator for Advanced Legal Research and by the faculty member under whose supervision the paper is to be prepared. Subject to variation depending upon the faculty member, student, and topic, it is suggested that the paper format be that of a law review comment with footnotes; that it have a length of not less than 25 pages; and that the process of developing it include the scheduling of discussion and review of written scope notes, outlines, and drafts, as well as the final product. This course may not be taken during the summer session. However, this does not preclude a student's undertaking unsupervised research and background reading during the summer. This course is limited to two credits which may be awarded once during a student's enrollment. Double credit will not be awarded for the same paper submitted in another course. A professor may supervise no more than five independent research papers during a semester.

    LAW 703 INTERNATIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (3)

    Due to many forces, the global economy is more integrated than ever before, and intellectual property (IP) rights play an increasingly important role in global markets. As a result, with growing frequency lawyers must be prepared to advise clients on IP issues spanning multiple countries. This course will begin to prepare students for such work by examining the development of international treaties related to various types of IP, including copyrights, patents, trademarks, and trade secrets. These treaties also provide a foundation for considering the national IP laws of various jurisdictions. Policy issues related the creation of new IP, economic development, distributive justice, and globalization will also be covered. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 704 ANTITRUST LAW (3)

    The study of the federal laws affecting competition between businesses. This course will examine the concepts of competition, market power, monopoly, and practices that might restrain trade. Mergers, boycotts, conspiracies, predation, joint ventures, price discrimination and marketing and other distribution restraints will be analyzed in light of the statutory desire to foster a more competitive economy. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 707 CHILD AND THE FAMILY (3)

    This course analyzes the rights and the status of children and parents in certain contexts, including an examination of constitutional issues specific to the family relationship. Students learn how to represent children in various types of cases. The course explores the topics of education, child abuse and neglect, foster care, termination of parental rights, and adoption. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 708 STRATEGIES FOR THE BAR EXAM (1)

    This course will build on the analytical, writing, and organizational skills taught across the curriculum with the goal of enhancing a student's abiity to prepare for the bar exam. The most intensive preparation for the bar will occur in the six to eight weeks before the bar examaination. This course will prepare students for the period of study and practice by introducing them to the format and components of the bar exam and the scope of the task, and by conveying information about study and organizational skills. Students will review selected substantive topics, learn methods by which to review is the tested areas of law, complete practice essay, multiple choice, and performance test questions, and receive feedback on written answers. This course is not intended to replace commerical bar preparation courses. Although designed for those preparing for the Maryland bar exam, this course may be useful to students intending to take the bar exam in other jurisdictions. Students must have completed 60 credits or have permission from a course instructor to enroll

    LAW 710 CONFLICT OF LAWS (3)

    Problems arising from events or occurrences as to the applicability of the law of different states or nations, jurisdiction as to the subject matter and the parties, full faith and credit to laws and judicial proceedings of other states, determining choice of law and its application to specific legal areas. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 711 CONSTITUTIONAL CRIMINAL PROCEDURE I (3)

    An examination and analysis of constitutional principles governing the admissibility of evidence in criminal proceedings and regulating the conduct of criminal prosecutions, primarily focusing on the pre-trial stages. Subjects include the exclusionary rule; probable cause; arrest; search and seizure; electronic surveillance; compelled self-incrimination, immunity, and confessions, identification, right to counsel, preliminary hearing and pre-trial motions. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 712 CONSUMER LAW (3)

    Regulation of consumer sales practices and contracts; regulation of consumer collection practices; regulation of the consumer credit industry, including truth-in-lending statutes and holder-in-due course doctrine. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 713 COPYRIGHT AND THE ARTS (3)

    The study of the extent of authors', composers', and artists' rights to prevent the exploitation of their works by others (primarily copyright but also express and implied contract and the doctrine of ""moral rights"") and the extent of individuals' rights not to be personally exploited or maligned in others' writings (invasion of privacy, defamation, and the right of publicity). [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 714 BUSINESS ENTITY TAXATION (3)

    This course is designed for those who wish to develop an understanding of the general principles of business entity taxation, but do not wish to become tax specialists. The course will focus on the Federal income tax treatment of partnerships, LLCs, c-corporations and s-corporations. The course will review the tax considerations in the formation, operation, and liquidation of these entities with a broad brush, emphasizing the key principles and de-emphasizing detail. Particular emphasis will be given to selecting the right entity for a given set of circumstances. The ultimate objective of the course will be to give students a sufficient understanding of business entity taxation to enable them to operate effectively as business attorneys, while knowing when to contact a tax specialist. Prerequisite: Federal Income Taxation. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 715 BANKRUPTCY AND CREDITOR REMEDIES (3)

    Bankruptcy, with emphasis on consumer bankruptcy issues; common law compositions; assignments for the benefit of creditors; fraudulent conveyances; receivers; supplementary proceedings; and the enforcement of judgments. Recommended: Contracts I & II, Property. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 716 FAMILY LAW (3)

    This course will explore legal issues relating to the formation, maintenance, and dissolution of family relationships. These issues include state and federal regulation of marriage and nonmarital cohabitation; legal, social, and economic consequences of marriage and divorce; parentage, custody, and support of children; domestic violence; and the processes for resolving family disputes. The course includes related constitutional issues. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 717 BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS (4)

    A study of the various forms of business organizations and the laws governing them with an analysis of choice of business entity decisions. Coverage includes the law of agency, partnerships, limited partnerships, professional corporations, limited liability companies (LLC's), limited liability partnerships (LLP's), limited liability limited partnerships (LLLP's), and corporations (with an emphasis on the closely-held and smaller corporations). Topics include formation, governance and dissolution of the various entities as well as a comparison of the roles, obligations, fiduciary duties, rights and remedies of the owners, management and creditors under each business form. In addition, the course may include introductions to the following: the forms of financing the entity--equity (partnership interests, membership interests, corporate stock or shares) and debt (bonds and debentures); and introductions to Federal Tax and Security Regulations, including corporate taxation, Subchapter S and insider trading. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 718 EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION LAW (3)

    Analysis of the prohibitions against discrimination in employment in the federal and state constitutions, the Post-Civil War Civil Rights Acts, the Equal Pay Act, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, and their interpretation by the courts. Primary emphasis is on gender-based and racial discrimination prohibited by Title VII. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 719 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW (3)

    Legal processes for the management of natural resources and the control of pollution and other adverse influences on the environment; federal statutes and administrative devices affecting the environment; legal control of air and water pollution, noise, pesticides and environmental toxicants; land use planning and growth control; public lands management; energy conservation and regulation; wildlife protection; solid waste management; and private law remedies affecting the foregoing. Emphasis is on federal statutes and regulations. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 720 REMEDIES (3)

    The study of the principal remedies available to litigants in private and public law litigation, including damages, injunctions, and restitution. The course will address compensatory and punitive damages; preventive relief, including injunctions and declaratory judgments; preventing unjust enrichment through restitution; ancillary remedies, such as contempt, levy and execution, attachment, garnishment, receivership, and attorneys' fees; and remedial defenses. Discussion will be given to the modern public law structural injunction, fluid class recoveries, and the tort reform movement. The modes of instruction will include case and problem methods. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 723 FEDERAL INCOME TAX (3)

    Structure of the income provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 as amended, including their applicability to individuals; capital gains and losses; identification of the taxpayer; timing of tax liability; certain deferral and non-recognition problems; and the basics of federal tax procedure. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 724 FEDERAL COURTS (3)

    The relationship of the federal courts to Congress and to the states. Topics may include judicial review; standing and justiciability; congressional power to regulate jurisdiction; legislative courts; federal question, diversity, removal, civil rights, and habeus corpus jurisdiction; state sovereign immunity; Supreme Court appellate jurisdiction; abstention; federalism doctrines; and federal common law. Required: Civil Procedures II. Recommended: Constitutional Law. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 725 HEALTH CARE LAW (3)

    A study of the national crisis in health care and some leading proposals for reform. Topics include issues of health care need, cost and quality control, Medicare and Medicaid, access to health care, the business roles of health institutions, health care contracts and claims, right to treatment, and federal health plans vs. private health coverage. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 726 IMMIGRATION LAW (3)

    An introduction to the laws dealing with aliens, i.e., non-immigrants, immigrants, undocumented persons, and refugees. Includes: an examination of the constitutional and statutory provisions and the underlying policies; procedures dealing with specific immigration issues; acquisition and loss of American citizenship; and proposals to reform the present law. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 727 INSURANCE (2)

    A study of contracts of insurance, including life, health, property, accident, and liability; interpretation of insurance contracts; conditions precedent; representations; warranties; terms; conditions; coverages; insurable interests; rights of beneficiaries; exemptions; excess liabilities; waiver and estoppel; subrogation; controls on the insurance industry; procedural and evidentiary aspects, including pleadings, declaratory judgments, interpleaders, and joint tortfeasor releases. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 728 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS (3)

    An introductory course considering the legal issues arising out of private transactions across national borders. The class discusses several or all of the following subjects; the international trade of goods; technology transfer; foreign direct investment; and dispute resolution in international transactions (including jurisdiction, arbitration, choice of law, extraterritorial jurisdiction and discovery, and the enforcement of international judgments and arbitral awards, [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 729 INTERNATIONAL LAW (3)

    Examination of the nature and sources of international law; procedures for handling disputes and claims; sanctions (e.g., economic, political, war); the roles of the individual, state, region and world organizations (United Nations); law of the sea and space; and an analysis of current problems and trends. Emphasis on substantive law. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 730 JUVENILE JUSTICE (3)

    A practice-oriented examination of the historical and philosophical basis for a separate juvenile justice process; jurisdiction and substantive law; the legal status of children in the juvenile justice process; the role of the Supreme Court in the juvenile justice process; juvenile delinquency issues and procedures; child abuse and neglect. Primary emphasis will be on Maryland Law, especially the Juvenile Causes Act. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 731 LABOR LAW (3)

    Legal rules governing labor-management relations embodied in the National Labor Relations Act, including the principle of exclusivity, protection for the right to organize, limitations on the substance of union demands and on the use of strikes and picketing, rules governing the use of economic pressures during bargaining, the scope and meaning of the duty to bargain, and remedies for failure to bargain. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 732 LAND USE (3)

    Reviews policy decisions and legal techniques relating to the control and development of land. Topics include nuisance, zoning, eminent domain, regulatory takings, subdivision controls, and urban/regional planning and growth issues. Prerequisite: Property [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 736 LAW & PSYCHIATRY (3)

    Review of the relationship of law and psychiatry, including: the role of the attorney in the mental health process; key constitutional issues on commitment (voluntary and forced); right to receive or refuse treatment; criminal competence; responsibility and commitment procedures; due process; right to be different; malpractice; insanity defense; and current problems and future trends. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 737 EMPLOYMENT LAW (3)

    Analysis of statutory and common law principles arising in the workplace: the employer's obligations and the employees' rights. Topics covered include wrongful discharge and other employment torts, employment contracts, drug testing, occupational safety and health, individual employee rights, and wage and hour laws. The course briefly covers anti-discrimination laws and labor laws, but is not a substitute for either Employment Discrimination Law or Labor Law. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 739 ELDER LAW (3)

    An important subset of estate planning involves an area of law that has been dubbed "elder law." Families confront a myriad of financial challenges when a loved one needs long term care. Students will be taken through case studies and a group project to expose them to the planning options that exist when advising families on protecting their life's savings from the costs of care. This course covers select laws and pertinent cases dealing with Medicaid, Medicare, guardianship, Social Security programs, investments, trusts, insurances, and taxation of income, gifts and estates. Legal documents typically indicated for elder law matters are also reviewed. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 740 CONST CRIMINAL PROCEDURE II (3)

    A continuation of the study, begun in Constitutional Criminal Procedure I, of constitutional principles governing the conduct of criminal prosecutions, with special emphasis on the trial and post-trial stages. Subjects include the charging process; bail and pretrial release; discovery; double jeopardy and collateral estoppel; speedy trial; public trial; jury trial; guilty pleas and plea bargaining; right to confrontation; sentencing; appeals; and collateral post-conviction remedies. Constitutional Criminal Procedure I is not a prerequisite. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 741 HEALTHCARE POLICY (3)

    This course examines the complex issues of health policy that affect American healthcare delivery system. The course will engage with new challenges, such as healthcare reform, healthcare financing, electronic records, outcome measurements, and the impact of technology on medical care and costs. A background in healthcare or healthcare policy is not necessary for this course. pre-requisite: none

    LAW 742 COMMERCIAL LAW (4)

    This course will introduce students to the creation, transfer and enforcement of negotiable instruments (e.g., checks and promissory notes) and the creation, priority and enforcement of security interests in personal property. This course will therefore cover Articles 3, 4 & 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code, as well as related case law and certain provisions of the United States Bankruptcy Code. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 743 SALES AND LEASES (3)

    Study of Articles 2 and 2A of the Uniform Commercial Code, including formation of sales and lease agreements, performance, warranty, risk of loss, remedies, and international issues under the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sales of Goods (CISG). [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 745 CONSTRUCTION LAW (3)

    Construction Law is the body of the law associated with the building and design of individual homes, shopping centers, residential communities, public roadways, skyscrapers, and other ""improvements"". This course provides a general overview of the construction process and ""construction contract documents"", exploring typical legal disputes which arise among developers, contractors, subcontractors, architects and engineers. The course will examine the statutory and common law liabilities which attach once the construction process has been completed, with an emphasis on the rights and remedies of those who purchase defectively constructed or designed homes and buildings. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 746 MARYLAND ADMINISTRATIVE LAW (3)

    This course studies the administrative process at the state level in Maryland. It will focus on the Maryland Administrative Procedure Act, and will include discussion of delegation of powers to Maryland agencies, rulemaking, adjudication, and judicial review. There are no prerequisites. It can be taken with or separate from the course Administrative Law which focuses on the administrative process at the federal level. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 747 MEDICAL MALPRACTICE LITIGATION (3)

    This course will cover both the substantive and procedural aspects of medical malpractice litigation from the perspectives of both plaintiffs and defendants in medical malpractice litigation. Course coverage will include problems in discovery and evidentiary issues in medical malpractice litigation, as well as problems that arise in medical malpractice trials. The course also will cover problems in the use of medical evidence and medical expert testimony at trial. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 748 LEGISLATION (3)

    Approximately two-thirds of the course covers the following: methods of interpretation, application, and arrangement of federal and state statutes; legislative procedure and organization; legislative investigation; and ethics and lobbying in the legislature. About one-third of the course consists of a study of principles and techniques of code revision and of practical problems in legislative drafting. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 749 LOCAL GOVERNMENT LAW (3)

    This course examines the relationship of local governments to the states and the federal government as well as the relationship of local governments to the communities within and around them with particular emphasis on judicial analysis of the constitutional and statutory bases of those relationships. Among the specific doctrinal areas covered will be the sources and limits of local government power, incorporation and annexation of localities, home-rule, state pre-emption of local ordinances, intergovernmental cooperation and conflict, and liability of local governments for misuse of power. Special attention is given to issues of democracy, exclusion and community that arise in connection with the distribution of services, housing, education and other resources in metropolitan areas. [Open enrollment]

    LAW 750 MARITIME LAW (3)

    A survey of the maritime industry and the history of admiralty and maritime law; maritime tort and contract jurisdiction; in rem and in personam actions; marine insurance; cargo; charter parties; arbitration; maritime liens and ship mortgages; salvage; collision; personal injury (Jones Act and Longshoremen's Act); indemnity and contribution; limitation of shipowner's liability; practice and procedure; maritime arrest and attachment; towage and portage; pollution liability; and the involvement of the United States in maritime law and the maritime industry. Prerequisite: First-year day courses. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 751 MARYLAND CIVIL PROCEDURE (3)

    The Maryland courts and their jurisdiction, with an emphasis on the Maryland Rules of Civil Procedure. Topics covered include commencement of actions and process; parties; pleadings (law and equity); dispositions and discovery; trials; judgments; appeals (Court of Appeals and Court of Special Appeals); and special proceedings. Prerequisites: Civil Procedure I and II. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 753 REAL ESTATE FINANCE (3)

    Real estate financing including mortgages, mortgage substitutes, rights and duties of mortgagor and mortgagee, foreclosure, priorities and selected other topics. Prerequisites: Contracts I and II; Property. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 755 PRODUCTS LIABILITY (3)

    Private litigation involving defective products based upon negligence, warranty, and strict liability in tort; government regulation of dangerous and defective products. Prerequisites: first- year courses. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 757 SECURITIES REGULATION (3)

    Problem-solving under the Federal Securities Act of 1933, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and state securities laws including: disclosure responsibilities of issuers of securities; registration requirements imposed by the securities laws and the exemptions therefrom; preparing a private offering; broker-dealer and underwriter responsibilities; anti-fraud provisions including their scope and effect upon litigation; and the expanding concept of ""securities"" as construed by the courts. Prerequisite: Business Organizations. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 758 TRUSTS AND ESTATES (3)

    Intestate succession; wills, including formalities of execution, revocation and revival; incorporation by reference and related doctrines; problems of construction and interpretation, including class gifts, rule against perpetuities; non-probate transfer, including inter vivos and causa mortis gifts; probate and administration of estates; trusts; their nature, creation, modification termination; express, resulting and constructive trusts; honorary trusts. Prerequisite: Property [ Open Enrollment ]

    LAW 759 WORKERS' COMPENSATION (2)

    An examination of the legal principles governing the compensation of employees or their dependents for injuries or loss of life arising out of employment or occurring during the course of employment; alternatives to statutory compensation schemes; causation and other factors affecting claims status to sue; and related problems. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 761 PATENTS (3)

    This course covers the basic principles of U.S. patent law. The course will examine issues that arise in the acquisition and assertion of patent rights, including patent validity requirements, the elements of a claim of patent infringement, affirmative defenses to such a claim, and remedies for infringement. Prerequisite: None [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 763 SPORTS LAW (3)

    This course provides a student an overview of the business and legal issues within the areas of professional and amateur sports. Specifically, but not limited to, the following: professional clubs, professional leagues, sports marketing contracts, negotiation techniques, television, sponsorship, insurance, and athletic associations. All such issues covered shall have a relationship to basic principles of law: contract, antitrust, tort, corporate, and other areas. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 766 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY SURVEY (3)

    Survey of general principles of copyright, patent, and trademark law. Covers issues of subject matter, scope of protection, and remedies under each of the federal statutes and related state theories of protection, including rights in books, music, art, drama, inventions, computer programs, and other trade products. Prerequisites: None

    LAW 767 TRADEMARKS & UNFAIR COMPETITION (2 - 3)

    This course covers the basic principles of the laws of trademark and unfair competition. The course will cover the acquisition of trademark rights, elements of claim of trademark infringement, affirmative defenses to such a claim, and remedies for infringement. Prerequisite: None

    LAW 768 INFORMATION PRIVACY LAW (3)

    This course will explore information privacy law beginning with foundational elements and moving through the interaction between privacy and the media and onto challenges encountered in finance, health, national security and law enforcement, government records, data security, and international privacy law. Students will gain an understanding for the breath and complexity of this topic and also how it impacts our world. [Open Enrollment] Prerequisite: None.

    LAW 772 MARYLAND CRIMINAL PRACTICE (3)

    This class is designed for students who intend to practice in the trial courts of Maryland. This course will expose the students to the procedures utilized in both the District and Circuit Courts when dealing with Criminal cases. The course will prepare the students for the issues they will confront in a very practical way when representing a client charged with a crime whether petty or serious before the Maryland Trial Courts. Prerequisite : Criminal Law [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 773 NATIONAL SECURITY LAW (3)

    This course examines the legal framework for national security decision making illustrated by case law and the Constitution. The course will study extensively the powers of the President with regard to war, peace, the economy and civil liberties, and Congress's powers including oversight of the executive branch. Special focus will be made on preemptive war, and operations other than war including covert actions. Other topics will include the challenge of fighting non-state actors such as Al-Qaeda on the battlefield as well as the courtroom, interrogation operations, recent criminal counterterrorism statutes, preventive detention, CIP, FISA and the IRTPA. Prerequisite: Constitutional Law I [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 777 INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW: COURTS, CRIMES & DEFENSES (3)

    International Criminal Law is concerned with defining and punishing behavior that the international community deems to violate fundamental human values. Some of these crimes include Genocide, War Crimes, Crimes against Humanity, and Torture. This course will explore the history and development of International Criminal Law, the courts and tribunals charged with interpreting it, the elements of international crimes, and potential defenses. The course will touch upon contemporary and controversial topics, such as US reluctance to join the International Criminal Court, trafficking in persons, and terrorism. Prerequisites: Criminal Law Recommended [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 778 DISCOVERY PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE (3)

    In state and federal courts the vast majority of civil cases (95% or more) do not go to trial, but are resolved by settlement or dispositive motion. In either event, more often than not, discovery is the most important factor in the resolution of the case, and thus has become a critical area of study and practice for civil litigators. This course will examine discovery practice under the state and federal rules of civil procedure. Topics will include the scope of discovery, application of ethical rules to discovery, forms of discovery (e.g. interrogatories, requests for production of documents, depositions), electronic discovery, best practices, discovery sanctions, and proposals for reform. Prerequisite: Law 612 or Law 600 [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 779 LAWYERING IN SPANISH (2)

    Students will learn to communicate as a lawyer across substantive areas of the law such as immigration, criminal law, family law, personal injury, and business. Students will participate in mock client intake interviews, draft client correspondence, and engage in other real-world simulations in Spanish. The class will also discuss challenges and concerns specific to representing Spanish-speaking clients. While the development of Spanish legal vocabulary is essential to success in the course, it is not the focus of the class. The course will be conducted mainly in Spanish and students are required to be fluent in oral and written Spanish. Pre-requisites: Spanish Proficiency. Recommended: Immigration Law and Family Law are helpful but not required. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 795 SPECIAL TOPICS IN LAW (1 - 3)

    An intensive exploration into specialty topics in the law. Topics offer opportunities to integrate new material reflecting changes in the field or more detailed analysis into issues and trends. Refer to semester class schedule for title and description of topic offered. May be repeated for credit when the topic varies. Prerequisite: to be determined by the instructor.

    LAW 795A SPECIAL TOPICS IN LAW : ABERDEEN (1 - 4)

    An intensive exploration into specialty topics in the law, including a comparative approach to study global and international issues in the legal environment where the course takes place. Topics offer opportunities to integrate new material reflecting changes in the field or more detailed analysis into current issues and trends. Refer to study abroad program schedule for title and description of topic offered. May be repeated for credit when the topic varies. Prerequisite: to be determined by the instructor.

    LAW 795C SPECIAL TOPICS IN LAW : CURACAO (1 - 4)

    An intensive exploration into specialty topics in the law, including a comparative approach to study global and international issues in the legal environment where the course takes place. Topics offer opportunities to integrate new material reflecting changes in the field or more detailed analysis into current issues and trends. Refer to study abroad program schedule for title and description of topic offered. May be repeated for credit when the topic varies. Prerequisite: to be determined by the instructor.

    LAW 800A CIVIL ADVOCACY CLINIC I (6)

    Students enrolled in Civil Advocacy Clinic I represent indigent clients before courts and administrative agencies in diverse civil matters. Civil Clinic students have represented clients on consumer, contract, landlord/tenant, special education, and government benefits matters, and interested students have assisted elderly clients in drafting powers of attorney and advance directives. Under the supervision of a faculty member, students are responsible for all aspects of representing clients, including interviewing clients and witnesses, engaging in fact investigation and discovery, drafting pleadings and motions, negotiating with adversaries, and conducting hearings and trials. Students are expected to devote approximately 20 hours per week to clinic activity. Prerequisites: First-year day courses, Evidence. Pre- or Co-requisite: Professional Responsibility. [Admission by permission only.]

    LAW 800B CIVIL ADVOCACY CLINIC II (1 - 4)

    With the approval of the Civil Advocacy Clinic faculty, a limited number of students, who have successfully completed Civil Advocacy Clinic I. may take this course to continue work in the Civil Clinic for one or two additional semesters (for one to four additional credits during one or two semesters). The total number of credits earned in a semester by all students enrolled in Civil II may not exceed eight (8) credits. Prerequisite: Civil Clinic I [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800C COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CLINIC I (6)

    Students represent small businesses, non-profit organizations, and for-profit/non-profit hybrid companies that support improved economic, educational, social, health, and other outcomes for disadvantaged communities. Students primarily perform transactional and regulatory compliance work under local, Maryland, and federal law, serving as first-chair attorneys under the supervision of a faculty member and collaborating with clients and peers to investigate and craft creative solutions to legal problems. Students interview clients, perform factual and legal research and drafting, counsel clients, structure legal relationships between clients and their partners, and advocate for clients before governmental agencies. Cases and projects include business entity structuring, contract drafting, regulatory compliance, obtaining non-profit tax exempt status, implementing best practices as to organizational governance and other matters, community education, and legislative reform. Students are expected to devote approximately 20 hours per week to clinic activities, including the weekly clinic seminar, meetings with faculty, and client work. This clinic is suitable for both day and evening students. Prerequisites: first-year day courses, Professional Responsibility, and Business Organizations. Students in this clinic will earn 6 credits. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800D CRIMINAL PRACTICE CLINIC (2 - 6)

    Participating students are assigned to either a state's attorney's or a public defender's office. Under the direction of a member of the professional staff at the assigned agency, they prepare and try a variety of criminal cases, including allegations of juvenile delinquency misdemeanors and felonies in the district and circuit courts of Maryland. There is a graded academic component (2 credits), in which students study criminal law and procedure, address ethical issues and develop the skills needed to handle their cases effectively. Prerequisites: First- year day courses, Evidence, Professional Responsibility, Constitutional Criminal Procedure I, Trial Advocacy. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800E MENTAL HEALTH LAW CLINIC (3)

    This clinic is offered in conjunction with the Law & Disabilities Seminar course. The course will focus primarily on mental health law, teaching students substantive mental health law, interviewing, counseling and negotiating skills, the trial skills of case theory and case development and advocacy skills, in an administrative hearing context. The course will culminate with each student representing patients in involuntary commitment hearings at Sheppard Pratt Psychiatric Hospital in Towson, Maryland. Prerequisites: First year day courses, Evidence, Professional Responsibility. Corequisite: Law & Disabilities Seminar. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800F FAMILY LAW CLINIC I (6)

    Students represent low income clients seeking child custody, support, divorce and protection from domestic violence. Under the supervision of a faculty member, students will be responsible for interviewing clients, experts and potential witnesses, and for negotiating with opposing parties or counsel, as well as for preparation of pleadings and court appearances. Students practice primarily in the local district and circuit courts but may also have the opportunity to assist in appellate litigation. Students are expected to devote approximately 20 hours per week to clinic activity and will receive a grade. Prerequisites: First-year day courses, Evidence, and Professional Responsibility. Recommended: Family Law. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800G FAMILY LAW CLINIC II (1 - 4)

    A limited number of students who have completed Family Law Clinic I may take this course to continue work in the Family Law Clinic, with the approval of Family Law Clinic faculty, for one or two additional semesters (for one to four credits during one or two semesters). Responsibilities during this semester(s) include advanced casework, limited participation in the Family Law Clinic seminar in the form of role playing and co-teaching, involvement in ongoing family law reform projects, and supervision of Family Law Clinic I students. The total number of credits earned in a semester by all students enrolled in Family Law Clinic II may not exceed eight credits. Prerequisite: Family Law Clinic I [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800H MEDIATION CLINIC FOR FAMILIES I (3)

    The goal of this Clinic is to employ experiential learning in order to ground students in the theory and practice of mediation. Under the supervision of a faculty member, students gain experience as mediators and as attorneys representing clients in mediation The course is suitable both for students interested in pursing family law and other students who wish to gain substantial experience in mediation. Cases handled by students include mediation in which families face child access issues, foreclosure, truancy, reentry into the community from the criminal justice and juvenile detention system, and a mix of other types of mediation. Clinic students may also engage in law reform projects relating to mediation and assess the suitability for mediation of family and non-family matters. By participating in the Clinic, students become qualified to conduct child assess mediations in most Circuit Courts in Maryland. Prerequisites: First year day courses. Pre- or Corequisites: Mediating Family Disputes, Professional Responsibility. Recommended: Family Law. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800I TAX CLINIC I (6)

    Students represent low-income taxpayers involved in matters with the Internal Revenue Service. Under the supervision of a faculty member, students interview clients, research substantive and procedural law, and represent clients before the IRS and the U.S. Tax Court. The course includes a weekly seminar and supervision meetings in addition to case work. Prerequisites: First year day courses. Pre- or Corequisites: Federal Income Tax and Professional Responsibility. Recommended: Interviewing, Negotiating, and Counseling; Tax Practice and Procedure. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800J TAX CLINIC II (1 - 4)

    With the approval of the Tax Clinic faculty, a limited number of students who have successfully completed Tax Clinic I may take this course to continue work in the Tax Clinic for one additional semester. The total number of credits earned in a semester by all students enrolled in Tax Clinic II may not exceed eight credits. Prerequisites: Tax Clinic I; students must obtain the permission of the Tax Clinic Faculty before enrolling. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800K IMMIGRANT RIGHTS CLINIC I (6)

    Students enrolled in the Immigrant Rights Clinic represent low-income immigrants seeking various forms of relief from removal, including asylum; protection for victims of human trafficking; protection for battered immigrants; protection for victims of certain types of crimes; protection for abused, abandoned, or neglected immigrant children; and cancellation of removal. Under the supervision of faculty members, students are responsible for all aspects of representing their clients, including interviewing and counseling clients, preparing witnesses, engaging in fact investigation, conducting legal research, drafting litigation documents (such as affidavits and briefs), and oral advocacy. Ideally, each team of students will represent a client at an immigration interview or hearing at the end of the semester. Students may also engage in advocacy efforts involving issues faced by immigrant communities. Students will attend a weekly seminar focused on substantive law and legal skills and are expected to devote approximately 20 hours per week to clinic activity. Prerequisites: First year day courses. Pre- or corequisite: Professional Responsibility. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800L IMMIGRANT RIGHTS CLINIC II (1 - 4)

    With approval of the Immigrant Rights Clinic faculty, a limited number of students, who have successfully completed Immigrant Rights Clinic I, may take this course to continue work in the Immigrant Rights Clinic for one or two additonal semesters (for one to four additional credits during one or two semesters). The total number of credits earned in a semester by all students enrolled in Immigrant Rights Clinic II may not exceed eight (8) credits. Prerequisite: Immigrant Rights Clinic I.[Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800M MEDIATION CLINIC FOR FAMILIES II (1 - 4)

    With the approval of the Family Mediation Clinic faculty, a limited number of students, who have successfully completed Family Mediation Clinic I, may take this course to continue work in the Family Mediation Clinic for one or two additional semesters (for one to four additional credits during one or two semesters). The total number of credits earned in a semester by all students enrolled in Family Mediation Clinic II may not exceed eight (8) credits. Prerequisite: Mediation Clinic for Families I. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800N INNOCENCE PROJECT CLINIC (3)

    Under the supervision of an experienced criminal defense attorney, students will review records, interview clients and witnesses, conduct legal research, devise investigative strategies, draft pleadings and argue motions in cases involving claims of wrongful conviction. Students will develop an understanding of the post-conviction process and the various scientific issues that have emerged that impact on the reliability of eyewitness identification, forensic evidence and police interrogation methods. Co-requisite: Evidence, Constitutional Criminal Procedure I [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800P COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CLINIC II (1 - 4)

    With the approval of the Community Development Clinic faculty, a limited number of students, who have successfully completed Community Develpment Clinic I, may take this course to continue work in the Community Development Clinic for one additional semester (for one to four additional credits). The total number of credits earned in a semester by all students enrolled in Community Development Clinic II may not exceed eight (8) credits. Prerequisite: Community Development Clinic I [ Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800Q JUVENILE JUSTICE PROJECT I (3)

    In the project, the students will, in collaboration with the Office of the Public Defender and under the supervision of a faculty member, represent persons who have been convicted of offenses committed when they were under 18 and were sentenced to life or life without parole and may be eligible for resentencing under the 2012 Supreme Court decision in Miller v, Alabama. In Miller the Court held that the Eighth Amendment prohibited mandatory sentences of life with parole for juvenile offenders convicted of homicide. Students will be assigned cases at various stages of the post-conviction process, and will have the chance to conduct investigations, meet with clients, evaluate cases for sentencing claims, research and write petitions for resentencing, or amicus briefs, and if possible, conduct evidentiary hearings. Students may also have the opportunity to work on legislation and policy work related to the clinic's goals. Prerequisite: First year day courses. Pre- or Corequisite: Professional Responsibility. Recommended: Juvenile Justice, Sentencing and Plea Bargaining Seminar. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800T INNOCENCE PROJECT CLINIC II (1 - 4)

    With the approval of the Innocence Project Clinic faculty, a limited number of students, who have successfully completed Innocence Clinic I, may take this course to continue work in the Innocence Project Clinic for one additional semester (for one to four additional credits). The total number of credits earned in a semester by all students enrolled in Community Development Clinic II may not exceed eight (8) credits. Prerequisite: Innocence Project I [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800V VETERANS ADVOCACY CLINIC I (6)

    Students enrolled in the Veterans Advocacy Clinic will represent indigent veterans before courts and administrative agencies in diverse civil and veterans benefits matters. Students may also engage in community education, legislative projects, and other systemic efforts at law reform. Under the supervision of a faculty member, students are responsible for all aspects of representing clients, including interviewing clients and witnesses, counseling clients, engaging in fact investigation and discovery, drafting pleadings and motions, negotiating with adversaries, and conducting hearings and trials. Students are expected to devote approximately 20 hours per week to clinic activity. Prerequisite: First-year day courses. Corequisite: Professional Responsibility. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800W VETERANS ADVOCACY CLINIC II (1 - 4)

    With the approval of the Veterans Advocacy Clinic faculty, a limited number of students, who have successfully completed Veterans Advocacy Clinic I, may take this course to continue work in the Veterans Advocacy Clinic for one or two additional semesters (for one to four additional credits during one or two semesters). The total number of credits earned in a semester by all students enrolled in Veterans Advocacy Clinic 1\ may not exceed eight(8) credits. Prerequisite: Veterans Advocacy Clinic I [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800X PRETRIAL JUSTICE CLINIC I (6)

    The Pretrial Justice Clinic engages students in challenging one of the major sources of mass incarceration in Maryland - the unjust pretrial detention of poor people accused of crimes in Baltimore City. Students in the clinic will represent indigent criminal defendants in their efforts to challenge unfair and improper bail determinations. In collaboration with the Office of the Public Defender and under the supervision of a faculty member, students will screen cases for intake, represent clients in bail review hearings, file habeas corpus petitions and undertake appellate litigation. Students are responsible for all aspects of representing clients within the scope of challenging bail, including reviewing transcripts for intake, interviewing clients and family, conducting fact investigation, drafting litigation documents and conducting hearings. Students will also collect and analyze data to inform the development of new litigation and legislative strategies to support systemic efforts at law reform addressing mass incarceration. Students are expected to devote approximate 18 hours per week to clinic activity. Prerequisite: First-year day courses, Professional Responsibility, Constitutional Criminal Procedure I. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 800Y Pretrial Justice Clinic II (1 - 4)

    With the approval of the Pretrial Justice Clinic faculty, a limited number of students, who have successfully completed Pretrial Justice Clinic I, may take this course to continue work in the Pretrial Justice Clinic for one or two additional semesters (for one to four additional credits during one or two semesters). The total number of credits earned in a semester by all students enrolled in Pretrial Justice Clinic II may not exceed eight (8) credits. Prerequisite: Pretrial Justice Clinic I [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 801 ADVANCED BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS SEMINAR (3)

    An advanced course focusing on selected issues in the law and regulation of business organizations. The specific topics covered will vary from semester to semester. Prerequisite: Business Organizations. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 803 APPELLATE ADVOCACY WORKSHOP (3)

    Development of the art of appellate advocacy, including lectures and moot court practice; preparation of appellate briefs; presentation of oral arguments; visits to appellate courts for observation of oral arguments. Fulfills either upper-level advocacy or workshop upper-level writing requirement. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 804 CONTEMP LEGAL ISSUES: PERSP ON SEX ORIENT & THE LAW (3)

    A seminar focusing on the historical and current legal treatment of gay men, lesbians, bisexuals, transgendered people, and heterosexuals in the areas of, inter alia, family law, military law, sodomy law, employment law, and constitutional law; and the interplay between changing societal norms and the development of legislation and the common law. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 808 ENVIRONMENTAL AND TOXIC TORTS SEMINAR (3)

    A study of the tort and property law theories that are used to provide remedies to private parties suffering injuries to person and property as a result of exposure to toxic substances. Includes analysis of nuisance (public and private), trespass, products liability causes of action, strict liability for ultrahazardous and abnormally dangerous activities, warranties, negligence, workers compensation and insurance coverage, and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act. Focuses on the causation, damages, and statutes of limitations issues prevalent in such cases. Recommended: Torts. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 809 MEDIATING FAMILY DISPUTES: THEORY AND PRACTICE SEMINAR (3)

    Using a combination of lecture, discussion, demonstration, and simulation, this course offers students an opportunity to gain knowledge of the theory and practice of mediation. While the course primarily uses mediation of family disputes as a vehicle for teaching mediation, it also provides skills and theoretical grounding for mediating and representing clients in many areas of law. More specifically, the course enables students to explore how mediation is actually conducted in family law and other contexts, critical judgement as to when mediation may or may not be appropriate in individual cases, familiarity with legislation involving mediation, special issues facing mediators in mediation involving family dynamics, the role lawyers can or should play when representing clients before, during, and after mediation, and ethical considerations in the practice of family and other types of mediation. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 809A MEDIATING FAMILY DISPUTES: THEORY AND PRACTICE (3)

    Using a combination of lecture, discussion, demonstration, and simulation, this course offers students an opportunity to gain knowledge of the theory and practice of mediation. While the course primarily uses mediation of family disputes as a vehicle for teaching mediation, it also provides skills and theoretical grounding for mediating and representing clients in many areas of the law. More specifically, the course enables students to explore how mediation is actually conducted in family law and other contexts, critical judgment as to when mediation may or may not be appropriate in individual cases, familiarity with legislation involving mediation , special issues facing mediators in mediation involving family dynamics, the role lawyers can or should play when representing clients before, during, and after mediation, and ethical considerations in the practice of family and other types of mediation. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 810 THE WIRE: CRIME, LAW AND POLICY (2)

    This course explores legal and policy issues raised by David Simon's critically acclaimed HBO series The Wire. Among the topics explored will be searches, confessions, police manipulation of crime statistics, race and the criminal justice system, prosecutors' incentives for charging and dismissing cases, honesty and accountability of law enforcement, government power and access in the war on drugs, and the distribution of resources in the criminal justice system. Pre-requisite: LAW 604 Criminal Law/ Pre-or Co-Requisite: LAW 711 Constitutional Procedure I

    LAW 811 EUROPEAN UNION LAW SEMINAR (3)

    An examination of the development and legal structure of the European community with emphasis on law-making by directives, regulations, and Court of Justice decisions. Topics include the litigation process in the European community; regulating the free movement of goods, services, labor, and capital; internal community policies on harmonization of national laws; business competition law; external trade practices and relations with non-European community nations; and the future direction and aspirations of the member states of the European Community. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 812 INTERNATIONAL LAW & USE OF FORCE SEMINAR (3)

    The course will examine the use of international law both to regulate and reduce armed conflict between states from the inception of the League of Nations in 1919 to current conflicts in Central America, the Middle East, and Southern Africa. The major institutions studied will be the United Nations, including the Security Council and the General Assembly, and the International Court of Justice. The goals of the course are to achieve an understanding of the role of international law in regulating forceful interaction between states, especially with regard to determinations of jurisdiction, legislation, and enforcement by legal and political institutions. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 813 INTERVIEWING NEGOTIATING AND COUNSELING (3)

    Focus on the theory and techniques of interviewing, counseling, and negotiation, that are necessary for effective representation of clients. Such topics as question formulation, witness interviewing, structuring the counseling session, case evaluation, development of bargaining range and negotiation tactics will be covered. The teaching medium will be simulation. Students will act as attorneys weekly in mock cases and critique the videotaped performances of their classmates. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 815 LAW FIRM MANAGEMENT (2)

    Provides practical information for the new lawyer to better understand the business aspects of the practice of law. Course topics include basic systems necessary for operation of a small or medium law firm, as well as personnel, marketing and client retention matters. [Limited Enrollment: ]

    LAW 816A ROOTS OF OUR LAW SEMINAR:ENGLISH LAW IN HISTORICAL CONTEXT, 1066-1776 (3)

    The course's major aim will be to explore the development of English law as a reflection of continuity and change in English government, and thus examine the evolution of law as part of a political system. For example, we shall touch upon the legal institutions arising under the Angevins, especially the roles of Edward II and Magna Carta 1215. In a similar vein, we shall explore legal reforms in succeeding reigns, looking at how political dynamics influenced the development of the law. Particular emphasis will be placed upon periods of great change (e.g. Henry VIII's use of law to consolidate power and to facilitate its exercise, the reforms of the Restoration, and the 1689 Glorious Revolution with its Bill of Rights). The course will conclude with a look at Georgian law and politics leading up to the American Revolution. Prerequisite: None [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 817 LITIGATION PROCESS (3)

    This is an introduction to the roles lawyers play in litigation. Investigation, counseling, drafting, negotiation, and written and oral advocacy will be explored. The course will take students through the stages of a lawsuit, from initial client interview through pleading, discovery, and pretrial into trial, in such a way as to emphasize the dynamic role an attorney has in developing and implementing a theory of the case and in exploring the relationship between law and fact. The medium of instruction will be primarily simulation of a real case in which the students will be required to perform as attorneys for one or another party. Prerequisites: First- year day courses. [Limited Enrollment ]

    LAW 818A FICTION WRITING FOR LAW STUDENTS (3)

    This class is designed for students who wish to develop story-telling skills and explore and reflect on their thoughts about the law and their new career. Students will study the basics of fiction writing--plot, characterization, narrative, dialogue and theme--through seven graded exercises, then produce a completed short story which must go through two full drafts. In addition, the class will read three novels with legal themes, ranging from Kafka's THE TRIAL to Grisham's THE FIRM. The only subject-matter requirement for assignments is that the short story relate in some way to the law or legal themes. Past short stories have explored trial strategy and preparation, legal ethics at the individual and corporate levels, crime, the lives of lawyers and law students, sexual abuse and assault and many other themes. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 818B NON-FICTION WRITING FOR LAW STUDENTS (3)

    This writing-intensive course prepares students for the task, vital to law practice, or communicating to the public about legal and public issues. Participants will engage in writing nearly every session, and will learn the basics of writing and editing opinion articles, interviews, and essays for publication. Written work will include one op-ed article, one book review, one interview, and one full-length essay. Students will also learn to maintain a blog and will be responsible for multiple posts on a blog set up for the course. Prerequisite: First year courses. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 819 PLANNING FOR FAMILIES AND SENIORS WORKSHOP (3)

    Planning for long-term family security: providing support for minors and other dependents; preparing for retirement; and coping with old age, disability, and death. The course will focus on families with modest assets (those not subject to estate tax). Topics will include the uses of trusts and trust alternatives; inter vivos transfers; wills; life insurance; employee benefits and social security; guardianships and durable powers of attorney; health care decision-making; housing for the elderly (retirement communities, nursing homes, and in-community care); and ethical issues inherent in serving families. Students will work in small groups to create a plan for a hypothetical family and to draft the necessary instruments for that family. In addition, each student will prepare a short position paper on one of the covered topics. Prerequisite: Trusts and Estates. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 821 LAW AND LITERATURE (3)

    This course will be devoted to trying to answer the question, “How does literature look at lawyers?” The goal is to further the understanding of various roles ascribed to lawyers in literature and the reasons therefore and to appreciate the role that literature plays in anchoring the perception of lawyers in our society. Towards that end, reading fiction and nonfiction tomes, viewing a few movies along the way and developing ten short papers discussing the theme will be the focus. The readings are organized in an historical progression through the classical to modern periods. A warning: the amount of weekly reading for this course will be substantial but should be enjoyable. Prerequisite: None [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 823 RACE AND THE LAW SEMINAR (3)

    The course will examine the use of the law to eradicate and perpetuate racial injustice in the United States from the inception of slavery through the 1954 Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education to the present. The major institutions studied will include the courts and legislatures both at the state and federal levels, with particular emphasis placed on the role of these institutions in the preclusion and allowance of political, social and economic opportunities for racial and ethnic minorities. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 825 TRIAL ADVOCACY (3)

    This course is devoted primarily to developing trial advocacy lawyering skills by engaging students in exercises that simulate trial practice. Students prepare lay and expert witnesses, perform exercises including direct and cross-examination and opening and closing statements, learn to develop and implement a case theory, and practice making and responding to objections. Students consider ethical and tactical issues arising in the trial process. Students conduct regular self-evaluation of their preparation and performance, and the exercises are critiqued with respect to substance, strategy, and courtroom demeanor. At the conclusion of the course, students, acting in teams, take part in full trials. Prerequisite: Evidence [Limited Enrollment; Max 16 students]

    LAW 827 FAMILY LAW WORKSHOP (3)

    This course will focus on all aspects of domestic relations client representation and dispute resolution. Through a combination of lecture, simulations and written assignments, students will obtain significant drafting, interviewing, counseling, negotiating and litigation experience. In addition, emphasis will be placed on case planning skills. The course will focus on selected family topics including marital property, custody and visitation, and spousal and child support. Although this course does not involve live client representation, there is substantial overlap with the seminar component of the Family Law Clinic. This course is, therefore, not intended for students enrolled or planning to take the Family Law Clinic. Prerequisite: Family Law. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 827A FAMILIES, LAW, AND LITERATURE (2)

    The relationship between law and literature is founded on the notion that an understanding of stories-- how they are constructed and told--is beneficial to lawyers in their representation of clients. Clients' stories lie at the heart of a legal case and effective lawyering involves using these narratives to the client's best advantage. The most recent versions of law and literature courses include the teaching of close reading and reflective writing skills--tools utilized in narrative studies. These methods have the potential to enrich and enliven the attorney-client relationship with empathetic understanding, promote ethical decision making, develop in the student a professional voice and identity, and advance strategies for legal and dvocacy. The process of close reading and reflective writing enlarges the imagination and expands possiblilities of perception both with respect to oneself and to others. In doing so, it creates for law students a way to think abouth themselves in relation to their clients and their clients' predcaments in fresh ways. This course will involve the study of narrative accounts of children and families (novels, memoirs and essays) using close reading and reflective writing methods to facilitate the examination of these texts as they relate to lawyering. In additon to class discussions of the assigned reading materials, students will practice in class reflective writing involving exercises based upon the reading material. Grades will depend upon the extent and quality of class participation, a brief midterm paper and a final paper. Prerequisites: Family Law [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 830 BUSINESS PLANNING WORKSHOP (3)

    Concepts and techniques for creating and operating a corporation and solving problems likely to arise in that context, including tax matters. Drafting problems will be assigned to students acting as a team. Topics are extensively treated in problem form. Prerequisites: Business Organizations and a tax course. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 831 TAX POLICY SEMINAR (3)

    Intensive study of selected issues with emphasis on the federal income tax. Students will consider problem areas from the standpoint of tax policy and will examine these issues from a legal, economic, social and administrability viewpoint. Prerequisites: Any federal tax course or permission of the instructor. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 832 MEDIATION SKILLS (3)

    Mediation is the process of resolving conflict that is used by courts as well as parties as an alternative to litigation. In this process a trained, neutral third-party facilitates the resolution of a dispute between two or more parties. The mediator assists the parties in developing and implementing creative options for resolving a conflict in a non-adversarial arena. This course is designed to train students to become mediators and to meet the minimum standards set by the Court of Appeals for mediation of court-referred cases. This will be achieved through a thorough discussion of the theories of conciliation processes, mediation, negotiation, and professional ethics. These theories are then tested in simulations to allow the students to develop mediation skills and explore the effectuation of these theories. Pre- or Co-requisite: Professional Responsibility. Recommended: Interviewing, Negotiating and Counseling; Alternative Dispute Resolution Seminar [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 833 LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SEMINAR (3)

    This seminar will study the legal, social and political issues that arise in connection with efforts by governments, businesses, and non-governmental organizations to foster local economic development. Discussions and readings will focus on three sorts of topics: 1) theoretical efforts to define and explain how to accomplish desirable local and urban economic development; 2) practical issues that arise in structuring enterprises in the local economic development context, with special reference to public authorities and community development corporations; 3) distinctive social, political and legal issues that arise in efforts to channel economic growth in ways that further various social goals, for example, the urban development process, the Community Reinvestment Act, Empowerment Zones and minority enterprise development. Recommended: Local Government Law. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 834 INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW SEMINAR (3)

    A survey of the developing law of international human rights addressing the history of the concept of human rights, international organizations and judicial fora, including a review of the primary international treaties and customary law principles, domestic and international refugee law and policies, review of the structure and role of regional organizations, the application of international human rights law in U.S. courts, a review of comparative constitutional law with regard to domestic implementation of international human rights norms, and researching public international law issues. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 836 JUDICIAL EXTERNSHIP (3)

    Under the supervision of a supervising judge and a faculty supervisor, students tearn about the lawyering and judicial processes first hand by interning at the court and attending a classroom component. Students develop reflective learning and problem solving skills, increase their substantive legal knowledge, explore issues of professionalism and ethics, and gain a deeper understanding of the legal system, judicial decision making, and the practice of law. Students may register for a three credit internship and must have their field placement approved by the Director. This program has special rules with respect to who may register and what requirements must be satisfied to earn credit under this program. Prerequisite: Each student has successfully completed instruction equivalent to 28 credit hours toward the J.D. degree before participation in the field placement program. Recommended: Professional Responsibility [Admissions by permission only

    LAW 837 LEGAL RESEARCH WORKSHOP (2)

    This workshop offers an in-depth look at research methods and resources. Topics include: designing a research strategy; research in judicial, legislative and executive materials, both federal and state; extensive coverage of secondary and non-legal resources. Students will produce a comprehensive research memorandum. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 838 LAW AND RELIGION (3)

    A review of First Amendment and other constitutional limitations on government favoritism (establishment) or religion and government infringement on the free exercise of relition, including religious speech. An examination of current controversies between "church and state." A survey of the role of law in major relitions, including Christianity ( both Catholic and Protestant), Judaism Islam, and others It is an upper-level writing and perspective course satisfying the international Law and Theories of Law concentrations. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 839 DISPUTE RESOLUTION WORKSHOP (3)

    A practical examination and application of extra-judicial alternatives to traditional methods for resolving disputes. Students spend six hours per week engaged in real-life supervised medications at the Consumer Protection Division of the Maryland Attorney General's Office. There they conduct telephone mediations, produce a variety of written documents, and maintain comprehensive journals of their cases. A classroom component (one hour per week, on UB campus) analyzes mediation techniques, evaluates simulated disputes, and addresses particular cases being handled by the student at the CPD. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 840 ADV TRIAL ADVOCACY (2)

    This course, an extension of the Trial Advocacy course, focuses on more subtle aspects of courtroom communication and persuasion, drawing upon skills and techniques from various other disciplines such as psychology, speech, communications, and theater. The course combines student work on exercises and problems that are critiqued by the teacher, lectures, and guest speakers. Prerequisites: Evidence and Trial Advocacy. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 841 FEDERAL LAWYERING WORKSHOP (3)

    Federal Lawyering Workshop develops students' lawyering skills in the context of litigation practice in federal court. Skills addressed include: critical strategic thinking, effective persuasive writing, and clear oral presentation. Students will review, observe, and critique the strategic judgments and written and oral advocacy work associated with a current federal case, and complete weekly assignments based on the case. Weekly assignments will include written work, oral presentation, and self-assessments. Prerequisite: LAW 601 Civil Procedure II

    LAW 842 TRANSACTIONAL SKILLS WORKSHOP (3)

    This course teaches students the principles of drafting commercial agreements by studying the documents necessary to structure a corporate transaction and applying the relevant law. Students will learn how transactional lawyers translate a business deal into contract provisions, as well as techniques for minimizing ambiguity and drafting with clarity. Students will have the opportunity to analyze the documents that comprise a corporate transaction from the letter of intent to closing documents such as the legal opinion. The course is taught through a combination of lecture and hands-on drafting exercises. Final grades will be based on class participation and the preparation of model documents reflecting a hypothetical corporate transaction. Prerequisites: Business Organizations Recommended: Sales and Leases, Federal Income Tax, Commercial Law [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 843A PROFESSIONAL SPORTS WORKSHOP (2)

    The focus of the course will be on representing the professional athlete and will include coverage of the law regulating agents, agent's duties and responsibilities as regulated by professional sports player's associations, the standard player contract, specialty clauses, player marketing contracts and contract negotiation. Prerequisite: Sport Law [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 845A IP CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS (3)

    This course will select a primary topic of advanced IP law that has major current importance. It will review the latest developments on this topic and examine the need for law revision. A part of this course is to use the Internet extensively, with some of the classes occurring in web-based chat sessions, allowing experts to participate in the discussion. Topics and evaluation methods will be included in course schedules. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 845B IP CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS SEMINAR (2 - 3)

    This course will select a primary topic of advanced IP law that has major current importance. It will review the latest developments on this topic and examine the need for law revision. A part of this course is to use the Internet extensively, with some of the classes occurring in web-based chat sessions, allowing experts to participate in the discussion. Topics and evaluation methods will be included in course schedules. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 846 WETLANDS LAW SEMINAR (3)

    This course will provide a survey of federal wetlands regulation under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act and related state law (such as the Maryland Non-Tidal Wetlands Protection Act). The course will introduce the student to the basis of federal jurisdiction over wetlands, the fundamentals of the wetlands regulatory process, relationship to other laws such as the Endangered Species Act, property rights issues such as takings, enforcement, and the role of mitigation and wetlands preservation. The course will also focus on Maryland tidal and non-tidal wetlands regulation and the interface between the federal and state programs. Scientific and policy issues also will be covered, including the debate over the wetlands delineation manual and the latest developments in wetlands functional assessment. Finally, the course will examine the current Congressional debate over re-authorization of the Clean Water Act and the Clinton Administration's action plan on wetlands. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 851 MEDIA LAW SEMINAR (3)

    Media Law Seminar combines aspects of traditional courses in mass media law and telecommunications law, as well as newer cyberspace law courses, to provide students with a broad overview of the law governing 21st Century communications media: print, broadcast, cable, telephone and internet. Students will submit a 25-page paper that satisfies and upper-level scholarly writing requirement. Prerequisite: None. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 853 CIVIL LIBERTIES SEMINAR (3)

    An overview of the law surrounding individual rights guaranteed by the Constitution, with particular emphasis on First Amendment freedoms. Landmark cases are examined together with those currently in litigation, from both philosophical and practical perspectives. The seminar also discusses various ethical and practical problems in representing unpopular clients and controversial causes. Prerequisite: Constitutional Law. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 856 BANKING LAW WORKSHOP (3)

    A study of banking regulations, bank holding companies, the formation of banks and branches,the failure of banks, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, commercial paper, electronic funds transfer, and other related banking law topics. Students will be required to prepare four written assignments: a legal memorandum, an administrative opinion, a lending agreement and a policy paper. The lending agreement will also include contract negotiations. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 857 LAW AND BIOTECHNOLOGY (3)

    This course examines the impact of advancements in the biosciences on a variety of legal and policy issues. The course will engage with new challenges, such as intellectual property in the body, human subjects research, and the medical and forensic uses of genetic information. A background is biotechnology is not necessary for course. Pre-requisite: None

    LAW 858 GOVERNMENT CONTRACT SEMINAR (3)

    Acquisition of services and properties; solicitation of bids and proposals to furnish the Federal and Maryland State governments with property, services and construction; award, administration and termination of such contracts; and effectuating Government socioeconomic programs (non-discrimination, small business, minority, etc.) through Federal and Maryland State contracting. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 859 GENDER AND THE LAW SEMINAR (3)

    Critical examination of historical and modern treatment of gender under the law. Focus will include federal and state constitutional theory of gender equality; federal statutory restrictions on discrimination in employment and education; selected topics in family and criminal law. Prerequisite: Constitutional Law. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 860 ATTORNEY EXTERNSHIP (3)

    Under the supervision of a practicing attorney and faculty supervisor, students learn about the lawyering process first hand by interning in the private or public sector and attending a classroom component. Students develop reflective learning and problem solving skills, increase their substantive legal knowledge, explore issues of professionalism and ethics, and gain a deeper understanding of the legal system and the practice of law. Students may register for a three credit internship and must have their field placement approved by the Director. This program has special rules with respect to who may register and what requirements must be satisfied to earn credits under this program. Prerequisite: Each student has successfully completed instruction equivalent to 28 credit hours toward the J.D. degree before participation in the field placement program. Recommended: Professional Responsibility. {AdmisSion by permission only]

    LAW 860A ADVANCED LEGAL EXTERNSHIP (3)

    With the approval of the Attorney Practice Internship Program Director, a limited number of students, who have successfully completed Attorney Practice Internship or Judicial Internship, may take this course to continue work in their internship field placement or in a new field placement for an additional semester. Students will continue developing their legal skills and increasing their substantive and practical knowledge. Students engage in guided reflection through journals, attend individual meetings with the Director, and must satisfy the course writing requirements. Prerequisite: Attorney Practice Internship or Judicial Internship. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 860C Corporate Counsel Externship (3)

    Under the supervision of an in-house counsel and faculty supervisor, students learn about the lawyering process first hand by externing in a corporate law office and attending a class. Students develop reflective learning and problem solving skills, increase their substantive legal knowledge, explore issues of professionalism and ethics and gain a deeper understanding of the legal system and the practice of law. This program has special rules with respect to who may register and what requirements must be satisfied to earn credits under this program. Students must have their field placement approved by the Director. Prerequisite: Each student has successfully completed 2 semesters toward the J.D. degree before participation in the field placement program. Recommended: Professional Responsibility. [Admission by permission only]

    LAW 861 LAW AND DISABILITIES SEMINAR (3)

    The course will study legal issues as they relate to persons with disabilities. The primary focus will include federal special education law, public and private employment discrimination, architectural accessibility, decision-making rights in the community (competency, consent to medical treatment, sterilization of the disabled, civil commitment of the mentally ill and guardianship), and legal issues as they effect persons with AIDS. Prerequisite: Constitutional Law. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 862 LAW & SOCIAL REFORM SEMINAR (3)

    Conflicts with and access to the legal system, particularly for the poor and traditionally disenfranchised. Particular attention is paid to the solution of current and controversial problems through litigation and legislation. The course will be taught focusing on one or more particular substantive areas of the law to examine legal approaches to social reform. Topics will vary depending upon the professor teaching. Recommended: Constitutional Law. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 863 MILITARY LAW SEMINAR (3)

    An examination of significant aspects of civil-military relations, including: the powers of the President and the Congress with respect to the armed forces; the jurisdiction of military tribunals; military criminal law and procedure; regulation of armed conflict; host-guest relationships; the use of the armed forces in domestic emergencies; claims against the United States; and military administrative law. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 864 AMERICAN LEGAL HISTORY SEMINAR (3)

    Students in this seminar will conduct a detailed historical analysis of selected legal topics. Topics will vary from semester to semester. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 866 COASTAL LAW SEMINAR (3)

    This course examines governmental, private and public property rights in land bordering rivers, the ocean, and other coastal areas. In addition, the course examines federal, state, and local government regulation of the use and development of land (including submerged lands) and natural resources in coastal areas. The course coverage includes governmental programs to protect wetlands, the Chesapeake Bay, and marine species of wildlife, fish, and shellfish. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 867 PATENTS, COPYRIGHT & TRADEMARK SEMINAR (3)

    Advanced study concerning current problems in patent, trademark, trade secret, and copyright law. The course includes an analysis of the interrelationship of these areas, and the effectiveness of controls that are designed to prevent misuses of these rights. Each student is to prepare and present a paper concerning at least one of these four areas of intellectual property law. Prerequisite: Copyright and the Arts, or Patents and Trademarks. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 869 RECENT SUPREME COURT DECISIONS SEMINAR (3)

    This seminar focuses on cases pending or recently decided by the United States Supreme Court. It examines current issues in constitutional law, constitutional and other types of Supreme Court litigation, and the Supreme Court as an institution in the legal system and society. Prerequisite: Constitutional Law. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 870 ANIMAL LAW SEMINAR (3)

    This course is an in-depth survey of the burgeoning and dynamic field of animal law. Animal welfare, pet trusts, veterinary malpractice, endangered species. First Amendment issues, divorce pet custody disputes, the animal cruelty/violence against humans link, and animal legal standing are but a few of the issues that will be discussed in this course. Which also examines other animal law legal issues, including issues involving constitutional law , torts, contracts, wills and trusts. This course will encourage students, in the research papers they are required to write for the course, to creatively analyze existing legal doctrine as well as to craft and analyze new legal approaches evolving in the rapidly developing field of animal law. Prerequisite: 1st year courses. [ Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 871 CAPITAL PUNISHMENT AND THE CONSTITUTION SEMINAR (3)

    This course examines Constitutional Law issues in the context of death penalty litigation with a focus on Due Process and 8th Amendment issues in sentencing and 6th Amendment jury selection issues. We will examine the core values of the criminal justice system with special emphasis on the roles of the prosecutor and defense counsel and the effect of mental illness on prosecutions and executions. The course will address the death penalty in an international context, and students will reflect on moral issues and actual innocence claims. The course will have a writing for publication component and meets the scholarly upper level writing requirement. Students will present work-in-progress to the class, will consult individually with the professor, and will produce a publishable-quality law review article at the end of the term and have the tools to submit their articles for publication. Prerequisite: Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Con Crim Pro I ( could be concurrent with approval). [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 872 ELECTRONIC EVIDENCE AND DISCOVERY WORKSHOP (3)

    Email, Word Processing, Text Messages, Spreadsheets, Databases, Mobile Devices, and Social Media platforms are some of the sources of electronically stored information (ESI) used in modern business and litigation. The preservation, searching, discovery, production, and management of ESI has become central to litigation and business governance. In this course, students will learn how to manage and exchange ESI, identify and resolve ethical issues, design and defend searches using keywords and technology-assisted review, and employ ESI in depositions, motions, and at trial. Students will analyze the leading cases and existing rules, prepare several short drafting assignments, and participate in a final discovery conference exercise pursuant to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Prerequisite: Civil Procedure I; Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Evidence. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 873 INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW SEMINAR (3)

    The challenges facing our environment are daunting, and they are not limited by national boundaries. This course will develop students' knowledge of international environmental law's history, actors, law-making processes, and contemporary debates, as well as include several illustrative case studies of environmental problems, such as trans-boundary air pollution, climate change, ozone depletion and whaling. This course aims to sharpen students' critical reading, negotiation, analytical thinking, scholarly writing, and oral presentation skills. Students will participate in a negotiation simulation on a contemporary international environmental law topic and write a research paper that fulfills the upper level writing requirement.

    LAW 875 CYBERSPACE LAW SEMINAR (3)

    This seminar covers a wide range of legal issues as they pertain to the Internet and computer-assisted communications generally. These issues include protecting intellectual property rights, imposing tort liability on service providers, preserving freedom of speech in electronic media, establishing global jurisdiction and venue principles, protecting privacy and/or anonymity, and otherwise regulating the new media. Recommended: One of the Core Courses of the Intellectual Property Area of Concentration, or Communications Law. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 876 SENTENCING & PLEA BARGAINING SEMINAR (3)

    This course covers contemporaneous issues related to sentencing and plea bargaining. Taught in a discussion format, the course focuses on problems within the subject areas and means of addressing those problems. Prerequisite: Criminal Law. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 877 ISSUES IN LAW ENFORCEMENT SEMINAR (3)

    The frame of reference for study in this course is the professional life of a law enforcement officer, addressing the following topics: law enforcement officers' privilege against compelled self-incrimination, administrative disciplinary procedures for law enforcement officers, use of deadly force by law enforcement officers, civil rights litigation by and against law enforcement officers, police pursuit, collective bargaining for law enforcement officers and their bargaining units, and workers' compensation for law enforcement officers. Prerequisite: Criminal Law [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 878 SUPREME COURT WORKSHOP (3)

    Students act as Supreme Court law clerks, as Supreme Court advocates arguing cases currently pending in the Supreme Court, and as Supreme Court justices adjudicating those cases. In their role as clerks, students draft memoranda and in their role as justices, students hear arguments, conduct case conferences, and draft a judicial opinion. The course is designed both to develop skills and to examine in depth current constitutional law issues, the Supreme Court's decision-making process, and the Supreme Court as an institution in the legal system and the society. Prerequisite: Constitutional Law [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 880 COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE TRANSACTION WORKSHOP (3)

    Planning, drafting, and negotiating real estate projects involving residential and commercial acquisitions, development, financing, and leasing. The emphasis will be on commercial transactions. Pre- or Co-requisites: Property; Business Organizations. Recommended: Federal Income Tax. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 881 ENTERTAINMENT LAW WORKSHOP (3)

    An intensive workshop course that provides an introduction to entertainment law and practical analysis, negotiation and drafting of contracts commonly used in the entertainment industry, with attention to emerging issues related to new technologies (such as internet distribution and satellite radio). The course will cover the nature, creation and ownership of intellectual property rights, the formation of different types of business entities, and common contractual relationships. Students will draft applicable documents, including basic copyright and trademark applications, entity formation documents and contracts. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 882 RIGHTS OF CRIME VICTIMS SEMINAR (3)

    The legal arena for crime victims and their legal rights is expanding rapidly. These issues are barely ever covered in other courses. This area of the law is important to anyone who becaomes a prosecutor, a criminal defense attorney, or a civil tort litigator. Topics include: constitutional and statutory rights; enforcement of rights after sentencing; domestic violence, battered spouse syndrome, and children's rights; institutions and procedures; civil causes of acttion; and privacy. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 883 BENCH TRIAL ADVOCACY (2)

    This simulation skills course prepares students for advocacy before bench trial courts of limited jurisdictions in both criminal and civil settings. Oral and written advocacy will be explored. Ethical and practical considerations peculiar to Bench Trial practice will be examined. Role play and adversarial exercises will be the vehicle for skill development. Emphasis on the fast pace of bench trials and its effects on the quality of client representation will be a recurring theme. The need for brevity, flexibility, and understanding of summary proceedings will be emphasized. Prerequisites: Evidence and Professional Responsibility. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 885 LAW AND POVERTY (3)

    The course examines the legal and policy responses to poverty in the United States and how the law shapes the lives of poor people and communities. The course will explore the extent of poverty in America, the root causes of poverty, the rhetoric and reality of social welfare, and the historical development of social welfare policy. Specific problems faced by poor communities will be discussed from a legal perspective in the areas of housing, welfare, employment, and racial isolation and concentrated poverty. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 886 LEGISLATION WORKSHOP (3)

    A workshop course about laws and rules focused, in a practical, client-oriented way, upon techniques of interpretation and drafting. Specific attention is given to: an overview of the Congressional enactment process; short exercises interpreting existing provisions of federal and state civil laws and short exercises interpreting existing provisions of federal and state civil laws and drafting new ones; and, a practical project such as drafting a proposed bill. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 887 SEC ENTERNSHIP (2 - 6)

    The S.E.C. Internship Program provides an opportunity for students to learn about the functions of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Students are assigned to one of four S.E.C. Divisions ( Corporation Finance, Enforcement, Investment Management, or Market Regulation) and they will be engaged in activities such as investigating industry and issuer practices, litigating civil enforcement actions, drafting proposed statutes and rules with respect to whom may register and what requirements must be satisfied to earn credits. Prerequisites: Business Organizations. Recommended: Securities Regulations. [Admission by permission only.]

    LAW 888 CENTER FOR FAMILIES, CHILDREN AND THE COURTS STUDENT FELLOWS (3)

    This limited enrollment course will provide students with an indepth examination of the policies and theories surrounding court reform in family law, including unified family courts, therapeutic jurisprudence, and the ecology of human development. In addition to a weekly two-hour classroom component, students will take an active role in research and writing associated with the Center for Families, Children and the Courts' (CFCC's) projects. The research and writing will involve weekly one-hour meetings with either CFCC's Director or Senior Fellow and might include areas such as the creation and evaluation of unified family courts in specific jurisdictions, juvenile justice, truancy and truancy courts, high conflict custody programs, and addiction and substance abuse as they affect families in courts. Particular subject-matter areas will depend upon the nature of CFCC's activities at any given time. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 888A MSBA-UB BUSINESS LAW FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM (1 - 2)

    This course will provide students with an in-depth experience of the practice and policies of Business Law. In addition to tri-weekly 3 hour seminar meetings, the Fellows will take an active role in the research, writing and public projects of the Maryland State Bar Association Business Law Section as well as various Judicial and Regulatory Entities affecting the Business Law Community. The research and writing will involve regular meetings with the Director of the Program as well as with other members of the MSBA Business Law Section Council, which governs the Business Law Section. Depending on the projects, the Fellows may also work with various Maryland Regulatory Commissioners and/or Maryland Judges or Judicial Committees. Each Fellow is required to join the Maryland State Bar Association (MSBA) (at student rates) and enroll in the MSBA Business Law Section. Fellows also have the opportunity to attend the monthly MSBA Business Law Council Meetings with the Director (who is also a member of the Council.) Registration requires a 2 semester commitment for a total of 3 credits. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 888B SPECIAL TOPICS IN APPLIED FEMINISM (2)

    This course will provide students with an opportunity to apply the tenets of feminist legal theory to a variety of legal topics. The course will be team taught and is designed to introduce some of the core concepts of feminist legal theory and examine how that theory applies both to areas of the law traditionally associated with feminism and to those areas in which the application of feminist legal theory might seem unusual. The course will enable students to develop critical thinking skills that will allow them to apply feminist legal theory to new legal problems, generating creative, theory-based solutions. Prerequisite: None

    LAW 890 CFCC STUDENT FELLOWS PROGRAM II (1 - 2)

    This course is a continuation of the CFCC Student Fellows Program and, as such, is open only to students who have sucessfully completed the first semester and by permission of the instructor. The course will allow those students to see their projects through to completion; they will not participate in a seminar. Credits will vary from 1 to 2 credits per student, depending upon the extent the students wish to be involved and the amount of additional time approved by faculty. The course is included in the Family Law Concentration. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 892 FORENSIC EVIDENCE (2)

    This course gives students an understanding of forensic evidence topics such as pathology, crime scene investigation, detection of bodily fluids, firearms and tool marks, trace evidence detection and analysis, toxicology, arson investigation, personal identification (including fingerprints, serology, DNA, odontology, and osteology), and questioned documents. Students will be introduced to the use of the on-line Index Medicus, PubMed, as well as the repositories of texts and journal articles in medical school libraries, and will conduct research in them. The effective use and cross-examination of expert witnesses in the respective areas of expertise will also be addressed. Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to determine when the forensic sciences might be of value in their cases, and sould be fully prepared to conduct their own research in forensic evidence topics. Prerequisites: Evidence. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 893 PHARMACEUTICAL LAW WORKSHOP (3)

    The focus of the course will be from the perspective of a company attempting to bring a new drug to market: the necessary steps, the regulatory agencies involved, the interrelationship and corrdination of the process, the financing of (and protection of investment in) drug development, and continuing obligations of pharmaceutical companies once a drup has been approved for marketing. Recommended: Patents, Trademarks & Technology and Administrative Law. [Limited enrollment].

    LAW 895 SPECIAL TOPICS IN LAW : EXPERIENTIAL (1 - 3)

    An intensive exploration into specialty topics in the law through simulation of legal practice. This classroom course will integrate doctrine, theory, skills and legal ethics, while engaging students in performance of professional skills and self-reflection. Topics offer oppotunities to inegrate new or unique material in the legal environment or more detailed analysis into specialty issues and trends. Refer to semester class schedule for title and description of topic offered. May be repeated for credit when the topic varies. Prerequisite: to be determined by the instructor.

    LAW 896 SPECIAL TOPICS IN LAW : SEMINAR (2 - 3)

    An intensive exploration into speciality topics in the law through discussion, research and development of a scholarly paper. Topics offer opportunities to integrate new material reflecting changes in the field or more detailed analysis into issues and trends. Refer to semester class schedule for title and description of topic offered. May be repeated for credit when the topic varies. Prerequisite; to be determined by the instructor.

    LAW 898A RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE WORKSHOP (3)

    Using a combination of lecture, discussion, demonstration, simulations, drafting and written assignments, students will obtain significant experience analyzing, evaluating, and drafting in discrete areas of residential real estate practice like contract formation, foreclosure, challenges to real property tax assessments and redeeming ground rents. Topics will change from year to year with the focus on linking the practical aspects of residential real estate practice with theoretical concerns, existing case law, public policy and professional responsibility. [ Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 899 ELECTION LAW SEMINAR (3)

    The course will examine federal constitutional and statutory law governing the American electoral process. We will explore the legal regulation of the right to vote and efforts to restrict voter participation. The course will include discussions regarding constitutional and statutory constraints on apportionment and districting-one person/one vote, political and racial gerrymandering, the role of the Voting Rights Act, restrictions on the franchise-residency requirements, discrimination on the basis of race and language, and campaign finance. Discussions will include both historical and contemporary voting issues. Students are required to complete a 25+ page paper. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAW 951 CORPORATE TAXATION (3)

    Federal income taxation of corporations and their shareholders with emphasis on the formation of the corporation, capital structure, operational alternatives, distributions, partial and complete liquidations, personal holding companies, and the accumulated earnings tax. Formation, operation, and liquidation of S-corporations are also covered. Prerequisite: Federal Income Tax. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 952 PARTNERSHIP TAXATION (3)

    Problems encountered in the formation, operation, and liquidation of a partnership including the acquisition of partnership interests, compensation of the service partner, the treatment of partnership distributions, and problems associated with the disposition of partnership interests or property by sale. Prerequisite: Federal Income Tax. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 953 FUNDAMENTALS OF FEDERAL INCOME TAX I (3)

    Basic concepts in federal income taxation, including gross income, exclusions, adjusted gross income, deductions, exemptions, credits, assignment of income, identification of the taxpayer, tax rates, depreciation, and the alternative minimum tax. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 955 TAX PRACTICE & PROCEDURE (3)

    Aspects of practice before the Internal Revenue Service, including ruling requests, handling of audits, assessment of deficiencies and penalties, closing agreements, tax liens, statutes of limitations, claims for refunds, appeals, conferences and practice before the U.S. Tax Court, U.S. district courts, U.S. Court of Federal Claims, and appellate courts. Also includes analysis of the problems encountered in parallel civil and criminal proceedings, problems involving government investigatory powers and taxpayer rights and privileges. Prerequisite: Federal Income Tax. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 956 TAX RESEARCH & WRITING WORKSHOP (3)

    Research and writing projects on federal tax subjects with analysis and instruction in tax research techniques, materials, and methodology. Students prepare legal memoranda. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 957 FUNDAMENTALS OF FEDERAL INCOME TAX II (3)

    Continuation of basic tax concepts including cash and accrual methods, capital gains and losses, 1231 transactions, recapture, original issue discount and imputed interest, below-market loans, installment sales, like kind exchanges, involuntary conversions, the at-risk rules, and passive loss rules. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 968 CONSOLIDATED CORPORATIONS (2)

    Analysis of the techniques used by multiple, related corporations to report income and losses. Detailed examination of the consolidated income tax regulations and consideration of other problems encountered by affiliated groups of corporations. Prerequisites: Federal Income Tax and Corporate Taxation. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 969 CORPORATE REOGANIZATION (3)

    Analysis of the tax treatment of corporations and shareholders in corporate acquisitions, divisions, re-incorporations, and re-capitalization's, including a discussion of Section 338. Review of the net operating loss carryover and collapsible corporation rules. Prerequisites: Federal Income Tax and Corporate Taxation. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 971 ESTATE AND GIFT TAX (3)

    Basic principles of federal estate and gift taxation, including valuation, inter vivos transfers, disclaimers, determination of the taxable estate, transfers with retained interests or powers, joint interests, life insurance proceeds, property subject to powers of appointment, the marital deduction, credits, and the generation-skipping transfer tax. Prerequisites: Property and Federal Income Tax; Co-rerequisite: Trusts and Estates. The day section of this course is a J.D. offering. The evening section of this course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 972 ESTATE PLANNING (3)

    Methods of disposing of estates by will, life insurance, inter vivos arrangements and consideration of resulting tax and administrative problems. Course also focuses on gathering and analyzing facts in the planning and drafting of trusts, wills, and related documents. Prerequisites: Property, Federal Income Tax, Estate and Gift Taxation, Trusts & Estates. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 972A ESTATE PLANNING WORKSHOP (3)

    Methods of disposing of estates by will, life insurance, inter vivos arrangements and consideration of resulting tax and administrative problems. Course also focuses on gathering and analyzing facts in the planning and drafting of trusts, wills, and related documents. Prerequisites: Property, Federal Income Tax, Estate and Gift Taxation, Trusts & Estates. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 973 INCOME TAXATION OF ESTATES AND TRUST (3)

    Federal income taxation of decedents' estates, simple and complex trusts, charitable trusts and grantor trusts. Course covers the preparation of fiduciary income tax returns with emphasis on unique tax issues such as: income in respect of a decedent, distributable net income and fiduciary accounting. Prerequisites: Federal Income Tax . This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 974 FOREIGN TAXATION (3)

    Analysis of the federal income tax provisions applying to U.S. inbound and outbound transactions and investments. Course covers U.S. resident status, source-of-income rules, graduated tax on effectively connected income, withholding tax on FDAP income, branch profits tax, FIRPTA, tax treaties, foreign tax credit, foreign earned income exclusion, Subpart F, and transfer pricing. Prerequisite: Federal Income Tax. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 975 EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION (2)

    Methods of providing tax-free and tax-deferred compensation to employees, including Section 83 tax planning, stock option tax planning, incentive compensation arrangements, and methods of funding non-qualified plans. Prerequisite: Federal Income Tax. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 977 QUALIFIED PENSION AND PROFIT-SHARING PLANS (3)

    An introduction to pension and profit-sharing law with particular emphasis on Title 2 (IRS) of ERISA. Course is geared toward understanding all of the pension and profit-sharing rules that must be met for plan qualification, with emphasis on qualified plan planning for both incorporated and unincorporated forms of business. Prerequisite: Federal Income Tax. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 978 ADVANCED REAL ESTATE TAXATION (2)

    Analysis of the effect of income taxes on real estate transactions; a comparison of the various entities used for the ownership and development of real estate; real estate syndications, basis and basis adjustments; alternative financing techniques such as the sale-leaseback; depreciation, amortization and obsolescence; passive activity and at-risk rules; and REITS. Prerequisites: Federal Income Tax and Fundamentals of Federal Income Taxation II. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 979 STATE & LOCAL TAX (3)

    This course will explore federal constitutional and statutory limitations on state authority to tax a multistate business. Specific topics will include the Commerce Clause, sales and use tax nexus, and PL 86-272 limitations on state income taxation. In addition, the course will cover apportionment of income derived from a multistate business and combined versus separate entity reporting. Maryland state and local taxation also will be examined briefly. Prerequisite: Federal Income Tax. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 983 TAX EXEMPT ORGANIZATIONS (2)

    Analysis of provisions relating to the qualification for exemption from federal income tax, with emphasis on section 501 (c)(3) organizations, private foundations, and the treatment of unrelated business income. Prerequisite: Federal Income Tax. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 984 S-CORPORATIONS (1)

    Federal income taxation of S-corporations and their shareholders with emphasis on the creation of the S-corporation, capital structure, operational alternatives, distributions, and liquidations. Prerequisite: Federal Income Tax: This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 985 WELFARE BENEFIT PLANS (2)

    Welfare benefit plans are employee-sponsored plans that provide employees with benefits other than pension and retirement plans and deferred compensation. Welfare benefit plans include life insurance, health insurance, disability insurance, vacation pay, severance pay, educational reimbursement, group legal services, and dependent assistance care plans. Course focuses on federal income tax requirements for various welfare benefit plans, including fringe benefits and health care continuation coverage under COBRA. Examination of the income tax consequences to employers who sponsor, and employees who participate in, welfare benefits. Discussion of the various mechanisms for offering welfare benefit plans, such as cafeteria plans under section 125 and VEBAs under section 501(c) (9). Prerequisite: Federal Income Tax. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 986 ADVANCED QUALIFIED PENSION & PROFIT SHARING (3)

    Building on the foundation provided by Qualified Pension and Profit-Sharing Plans, this in-depth examination of defined contribution and defined benefit plans includes current IRS positions; final, proposed and temporary regulations; and developing case law. Tax sheltered annuities are considered. Prerequisites: Federal Income Tax and Qualified Pension and Profit- Sharing Plans. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 988 BANKRUPTCY TAXATION (2)

    An introduction to the basics of bankruptcy law and creditors' rights and analysis of tax issues that arise. Prerequisite: Federal Income Tax. This course is a combined J.D. and Graduate Tax Program offering. [Open Enrollment]

    LAW 992 INTRODUCTION TO THE TAXATION OF FINANCIAL PRODUCTS (2)

    Study of the taxation of basic financial building blocks (equity, debt, options, notional principal contracts and forward contracts) and their various combinations. Financial equivalencies among traditional and derivative instruments that are taxed under widely varying tax regimes. Use of financial instruments to change the timing, character and source of income. Gaps in existing law, possible future tax regimes and emerging financial products. [Open Enrollment]

  • LAWF: Law Family

    LAWF 900 THE CRAFT OF PROBLEM-SOLVING AND ADVOCACY IN FAMILY LAW (3)

    This course is designed to provide a very hands-on approach to representing children, parents, and other potential caregivers through mediation, arbitration, and negotiation; speaking; and writing. This is a practice~riented class, using real-life examples. Students will be required to prepare quick­ turnaround written and oral presentations that will be critiqued by practitioners and judges.

    LAWF 901 Understanding the Business of Practicing Family Law (3)

    This course is designed to help family law practitioners understand the business of practicing family law. Family law, like the practice of many other areas of law, requires knowledge of how to: get a client in the door, decide what clients to take on and what clients to turn away, create an environment attractive to clients, staff the practice, manage the finances, etc. The course will cover: beginning a family law practice, managing client relationships, and managing a family law practice. The course will familiarize students with the challenges of a family law practice, including the family law client who is often emotionally vulnerable, which places additional responsibilities on the practitioner. The course also will cover ways in which the practitioner can establish appropriate boundaries and mainta in his/her own sense of equilibrium.

    LAWF 902 Psychology, Child Development and Mental Health in Family Law Matters (3)

    This course is designed to help family law practitioners understand the mental health needs of adults and children, the stages of child development, and the roles they play in family law representation. Participants will learn how to engage mental health professionals and other court experts, interpret their reports and testimony, and interact with them effectively. The course also will help participants identify and develop the self-care skills necessary to maintain their own mental and emotional health when engaged in family law practice. Teaching methods will include presentation, discussion, and experiential learning activities.

    LAWF 903 FINANCIAL FOUNDATIONS FOR FAMILY LAWYERS (3)

    This course is designed to provide an overview of the financial matters that lawyers confront in family law cases. The course will cover: financial fundamentals, such as types of property and income; taxation; preparing financial facts, such as valuation practices and preparation of key documents; and addressing certain problems concerning financial matters, among other topics.

    LAWF 910 WORKING THROUGH A FAMILY LAW CASE - START TO FINISH (4)

    This course is designed to provide students with a detailed roadmap of the progression of a family taw case. It will help family law practitioners to deepen their understanding of the important intersections that they and their client must cross at each phase of the case. The course will cover the progress of a family law case from first client contact, to key decision points, to preparing the case for settlement or trial. This hands-on, real-world course will give students a wide range of opportunities to learn and practice strategies for effectively managing the process. The heart of the course will be a semester-long, creative simulation of a family law case, which offers a real-world experience of the challenges and key intersections of a family law case.

  • LAWT: Law Tax

    LAWT 739 ELDER LAW (3)

    An important subset of estate planning involves an area of law that has been dubbed "elder law." Families confront a myriad of financial challenges when a loved one needs long term care. Students will be taken through case studies and a group project to expose them to the planning options that exist when advising families on protecting their life's savings from the costs of care. This course covers select laws and pertinent cases dealing with Medicaid, Medicare, guardianship, Social Security programs, investments, trusts, insurances, and taxation of income, gifts and estates. Legal documents typically indicated for elder law matters are also reviewed. [Open Enrollment]

    LAWT 758 TRUSTS AND ESTATES (3)

    Intestate succession; wills, including formalities of execution, revocation and revival; incorporation by reference and related doctrines; problems of construction and interpretation, including class gifts, rule against perpetuities; non-probate transfer, including inter vivos and causa mortis gifts; probate and administration of estates; trusts; their nature, creation, modification termination; express, resulting and constructive trusts; honorary trusts. Prerequisite: Property [ Open Enrollment ]

    LAWT 795 SPECIAL TOPICS IN LAW (1 - 3)

    An intensive exploration into specialty topics in the law. Topics offer opportunities to integrate new material reflecting changes in the field or more detailed analysis into issues and trends. Refer to semester class schedule for title and description of topic offered. May be repeated for credit when the topic varies. Prerequisite: to be determined by the instructor.

    LAWT 800I TAX CLINIC I (6)

    Students represent low-income taxpayers involved in matters with the Internal Revenue Service. Under the supervision of a faculty member, students interview clients, research substantive and procedural law, and represent clients before the IRS and the U.S. Tax Court. The course includes a weekly seminar and supervision meetings in addition to case work. Prerequisites: Federal Income Tax and Professional Responsibility. Recommended: Interviewing, Negotiating, and Counseling; Tax Practice and Procedure. [Admission by permission only]

    LAWT 819 PLANNING FOR FAMILIES AND SENIORS WORKSHOP (3)

    Planning for long-term family security: providing support for minors and other dependents; preparing for retirement; and coping with old age, disability, and death. The course will focus on families with modest assets (those not subject to estate tax). Topics will include the uses of trusts and trust alternatives; inter vivos transfers; wills; life insurance; employee benefits and social security; guardianships and durable powers of attorney; health care decision-making; housing for the elderly (retirement communities, nursing homes, and in-community care); and ethical issues inherent in serving families. Students will work in small groups to create a plan for a hypothetical family and to draft the necessary instruments for that family. In addition, each student will prepare a short position paper on one of the covered topics. Prerequisite: Trusts and Estates. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAWT 951 CORPORATE TAXATION (3)

    Federal income taxation of corporations and their shareholders with emphasis on the formation of the corporation, capital structure, operational alternatives, distributions, partial and complete liquidations, personal holding companies, and the accumulated earnings tax. Formation, operation, and liquidation of S-corporations are also covered.

    LAWT 952 PARTNERSHIP TAXATION (3)

    Problems encountered in the formation, operation, and liquidation of a partnership including the acquisition of partnership interests, compensation of the service partner, the treatment of partnership distributions, and problems associated with the disposition of partnership interests or property by sale.

    LAWT 953 FUNDAMENTALS OF FEDERAL INCOME TAX I (3)

    Basic concepts in federal income taxation, including gross income, exclusions, adjusted gross income, deductions, exemptions, credits, assignment of income, identification of the taxpayer, tax rates, depreciation, and the alternative minimum tax.

    LAWT 954 TAX POLICY (3)

    Study of the evolution and structure of the federal income tax system from a public policy perspective. Focus is placed on legal, economic, social and practical considerations. Alternatives, including current legislative proposals, are considered. Students will be required to prepare a paper on a tax policy question of their choice.

    LAWT 955 TAX PRACTICE & PROCEDURE (3)

    Aspects of practice before the Internal Revenue Service including ruling requests, handling of audits, assessment of deficiencies and penalties, closing agreements, tax liens, statutes of limitations, claims for refunds, appeals conferences and practice before the United States Tax Court, the United States District Court, the United States Claims Court, and appellate courts. Course also includes analysis of the problems encountered in parallel civil and criminal proceedings, problems involving government investigatory powers and taxpayer rights and privileges.

    LAWT 956 TAX RESEARCH & WRITING (3)

    Research and writing projects on federal tax subjects with analysis and instruction in tax research techniques, materials, and methodology. Students prepare legal memoranda.

    LAWT 957 FUNDAMENTALS OF FEDERAL INCOME TAX II (3)

    Continuation of basic tax concepts including cash and accrual methods, capital gains and losses, 1231 transactions, recapture, original issue discount and imputed interest, below-market loans, installment sales, like kind exchanges, involuntary conversions, the at-risk rules, and passive loss rules.

    LAWT 967 BUSINESS PLANNING (2)

    An integrated study of the impact of tax, securities and corporate and paternship law on business transactions. Course also includes the selection of the form of business enterprise, acquisition and dispositions of business interests and professional responsibility issues. Prerequisite Corporate Taxation and Partnership Taxation

    LAWT 968 CONSOLIDATED CORPORATIONS (2)

    Analysis of the techniques used by multiple, related corporations to report income and losses. Detailed examination of the consolidated income tax regulations and consideration of other problems encountered by affiliated groups of corporations. Prerequisite: Corporation Taxation

    LAWT 969 CORPORATE REORGANIZATION (3)

    Analysis of the tax treatment of corporations and shareholders in corporate acquisitions, divisions, re-incorporations, and re-capitalizations, including a discussion of Section 338. Review of the net operating loss carryover and collapsible corporation Prerequisite Corporate Taxation

    LAWT 971 ESTATE AND GIFT TAX (3)

    Basic principles of federal estate and gift taxation including computation of the taxable estate, inter vivos transfers, transfers in contemplation of death, transfers with retained interest or powers, joint interest, life insurance proceeds, property subject to powers of appointment, the martial deduction and the unified credit.

    LAWT 972 ESTATE PLANNING (667) (3)

    Methods of disposing of estates by will, life insurance, inter vivos arrangements and consideration of resulting tax and administrative problems. Course also focuses on gathering and analyzing facts in the planning and drafting of trusts, wills, and related documents. Prerequisite: Estate and Gift Taxation.

    LAWT 973 INCOME TAXATION OF ESTATES AND TRUST (3)

    Federal income taxation of decedents' estates, simple and complex trusts, charitable trusts and grantor trusts. Course covers the preparation of fiduciary income tax returns with emphasis on unique tax issues such as: income in respect of a decedent, distributable net income and fiduciary accounting.

    LAWT 974 FOREIGN TAXATION (3)

    Analysis of the federal income tax provisions applying to US inbound and outbound transactions and investments. Course covers US resident status, source-of-income rules, graduated tax on effectively connected income, withholding tax on FDAP income, branch profits tax, FIRPTA, tax treaties, foreign tax credit, foreign earned income exclusion, subpart F, and transfer pricing.

    LAWT 975 EXECUTIVE COMP (2)

    Methods of providing tax-free and tax-deferred compensation to employees, including Section 83 tax planning, stock option tax planning, incentive compensation arrangements, and methods of funding non-qualified plans.

    LAWT 976 FEDERAL TAX LEGISLATION WORKSHOP (3)

    A workshop course that examines the process of formulating and enacting federal tax legislation, as well as areas ripe for current federal tax legislative proposals; these areas may include income tax rates, capital gains taxation, tax expenditures, and the federal estate tax. Students will engage in drafting and other exercises that simulate the process of creating such legislation from the standpoint of staffers on Congressional committees. Prerequisite: Fundamentals of Federal Income Tax I

    LAWT 977 QUALIFIED PENSIONS & PROFIT SHARING PLANS(663) (3)

    An introduction to pension and profit-sharing law with particular emphasis on Title 2 (IRS) of ERISA. The course is geared toward understanding of all of the pension and profit-sharing rules that must be met for plan qualification,and emphasiswill be placed upon qualified plan planning for both incorporated and unincorporated forms of business.

    LAWT 978 ADVANCED REAL ESTATE TAXATION (2)

    Analysis of the effect of income taxes on real estate transactions; a comparison of the various entities utilized for the ownership and development of real estate; real estate syndications, basis and basis adjustments; alternative financing techniques such as the sale-leaseback; depreciation, amortization and obsolescence; passive activity and at risk rules; REITS.

    LAWT 979 STATE & LOCAL TAX (3)

    This course will explore federal constitutional and statutory limitations on state authority to tax a multistate business. Specific topics will include the Commerce Clause, sales and use tax nexus, and PL 86-272 limitations on state income taxation. In addition, the course will cover apportionment of income derived from a multistate business and combined versus separate entity reporting. Maryland state and local taxation also will be examined briefly.

    LAWT 983 TAX EXEMPT ORGANIZATIONS (2)

    Analysis of provisions relating to the qualification for exemption from Federal income tax, with emphasis on Section 501(c)(3) organizations, private foundations, and the treatment of unrelated business income.

    LAWT 984 S-CORPORATIONS (1)

    Federal income taxation of S-corporations and their shareholders with emphasis on the creation of the S-corporation, capital structure, operational alternatives, distributions, and liquidations.

    LAWT 985 WELFARE BENEFIT PLANS (2)

    Welfare benefit plans are employer-sponsored plans which provide employees with benefits other than pension and retirement plans and deferred compensation. Welfare benefit plans include life insurance, health insurance, disability insurance, vacation pay, severance pay, educational reimbursement, group legal services, and dependent assistance care plans. The course focuses on the federal income tax requirements for various welfare benefit plans including fringe benefits and health care continuation coverage with COBRA. The course would also examine the income tax consequences to the employer who sponsors and the employees who participate in welfare benefit plans. Finally, the course would discuss the various mechanisms for offering welfare benefits plans such as cafeteria plans under section 125 and VEBAs under section 501 (C)(9).

    LAWT 986 ADVANCED QUALIFIED PENSION & PROFIT SHARING (3)

    This course builds on the foundation provided by Qualified Pension and Profit Sharing Plans. It gives an in-depth examination of defined contribution and defined benefit plans. The course covers current IRS positions, final, proposed and temporary regulations and developing case law. Tax sheltered annuities are also considered. Prerequisite: Qualified Pension and Profit

    LAWT 988 BANKRUPTCY TAXATION (2)

    An introduction to the basics of bankruptcy law and creditors' rights and analysis of tax issues that arise.

    LAWT 989 ADVANCED PARTNERSHIP TAXATION (3)

    The course builds upon the ideas presented in PartnershipTaxation, and provides students with additional skills that are valuable when practicing in the area of partnership taxation. The course requires an ability and willingness to engage in critical thinking and problem solving. Topics covered include the issues surrounding family limited partnerships; transferring property into and out of a partnership on a tax-deferred basis; recognizing transactions considered tax shelters or "abuses of subchapterK" under the current climate; and the relationship between subchapter K and other areas of taxation, including intangible asset amortization and international tax concepts. Prerequisites: Fundamentals of Federal Income Taxation I, or Federal Income Tax and Partnership Taxation.

    LAWT 991 STATE TAX POLICY ISSUES SEMINAR (2)

    This advanced state and local tax seminar consists of discussions of articles written by leading state tax theoreticians and practitioners regarding the present condition and likely future of state taxation in the 21th centrury. Each student will be expected to moderate at least one group discussion during the semester. The grade will be based on class participation and the completion of one publishable paper on a state tax policy topic of the student's choice, subject to the instructor's approval.

    LAWT 992 INTRODUCTION TO THE TAXATION OF FINANCIAL PRODUCTS (2)

    Study of the taxation of basic financial building blocks (equity, debt, options, notional principal contracts and forward contracts) and their various combinations. Financial equivalencies among traditional and derivative instruments that are taxed under widely varying tax regimes. Use of financial instruments to change the timing, character and source of income. Gaps in existing law, possible future tax regimes and emerging financial products.

    LAWT 999 INDEPENDENT STUDY (799) (1 - 3)

    Students may study an area of particular interest to them not covered in a significant way elsewhere in the program, via an independent study. In order to qualify for an independent study, students must obtain the consent of a full-time faculty member to supervise the project and submit a written proposal. The written proposal must be approved by the supervising faculty member and the program director. Only students what a grade point average of 3.0 or higher who have completed 15 credit hours of tax courses in the program may undertake an independent study.

  • LAWG: LL.M. Law of the U.S

    LAWG 600 LLMUS CIVIL PROCEDURE I (3)

    Subject matter jurisdiction; personal jurisdiction; venue; pleading; joinder of claims and parties; discovery; pre-trial motions; choice of law; right to trial by jury; judge-jury relations; appellate review; res adjudicata. Primary emphasis is on the Federal Rules of lCivil Procedure and federal statutes; secondary emphasis is on the Maryland Rules of Procedure, Maryland statutes, and the common law.

    LAWG 602 LLMUS CONTRACTS I (4)

    Creation of contracts; capacity to contract; mutual assent; offer and acceptance; consideration; compliance with formality; novation; third party beneficiaries; mutual mistake; parol evidence; specific performance; conditions; impossibility; frustration; assignment and discharge of contract obligations; contracts of agents; statutes of fraud; references to the Uniform Commercial Code and Restatement of Contracts.

    LAWG 604 LLMUS CRIMINAL LAW (3)

    Sources and interpretations of and constitutional limitations on substantive criminal law; criminal jurisdiction; criminal act and mental state requirements; burdens of proof; criminal capacity; justification and excuse (defense); accomplice liability; inchoate crimes; crimes against property; crimes against persons; crimes against habitation; punishment.

    LAWG 607 LLMUS PROPERTY (4)

    Possession and adverse possession; estates in land future interests; landlord and tenant; concurrent tenancies; easements, covenants, and servitudes; rights incident to ownership of land; conveyancing; title guarantees and recording acts.

    LAWG 608 LLMUS TORTS (3)

    Law of imposed liability for personal, property and economic harm; negligence (including professional malpractice), strict liability (including products liability) and intentional torts; causation and elements of damages; affirmative defenses and limitatiosn of duties including; assumptionm of the risk, contributory negligence, comparative negligence, immunity, limited liability of property owners.

    LAWG 622 LLMUS COMPARATIVE LAW : LAW IN CONTEXT (3)

    The course provides an introduction to differences and similarities among the world's legal systems. Students will discuss the variety of possible solutions to fundamental legal problems in differing cultures and legal institutions. The class will consider the constitution, litigation, legislation, interpretation and enforcement of justice, and how the United States legal system compares to those of other federations, states and nations. Prerequisite: None

    LAWG 650 LLMUS CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (4)

    Judicial review; limitations on the exercise of judicial power; separation of powers; federalism, with emphasis on the commerce clause as a limitation on the states; powers of regulation and taxation; individual rights, including substantive and procedural due process, equal protection, right of privacy, freedom of expression, and freedom of religion.

    LAWG 651 LLMUS EVIDENCE (3)

    Rules of evidence governing the proof of facts in civil and criminal cases in state and federal courts; functions of the judge and jury; qualification and examination of witnesses; proof of writing; judicial notice; competence and credibility of witnesses; opinion evidence; hearsay; burdens of proof; presumptions and inferences; real evidence; demonstrative, experimental and scientific evidence. Emphasis is on the Federal Rules of Evidence and Maryland law. Prerequisites: Criminal Law and Torts.

    LAWG 652 LLMUS PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY (3)

    Study of the ethics and law of lawyering, approaching attorney problems from multiple perspectives. Topics will include: professionalism, the organization of the bar, attorney discipline and disability, the delivery of legal services, the attorney client relationship, the duties of loyalty and confidentiality, fees, and various issues, including conflict of interest and substance abuse.

    LAWG 700 LLMUS ADMINISTRATIVE LAW (3)

    Analysis of federal administrative agencies, including their legislative and judicial nature, congressional delegation of powers, promulgation of regulations, adjudication and judicial review. Emphasis will be on the Federal Administrative Procedure Act. [Open enrollment]

    LAWG 701 LLMUS ADVANCED LEGAL RESEARCH (2)

    This course is designed to encourage and offer opportunity for independent research of high calibre by the student. Credit is conditioned upon the completion of an acceptable research paper on some topic approved in writing prior to registration by the Faculty Coordinator for Advanced Legal Research and by the faculty member under whose supervision the paper is to be prepared. Subject to variation depending upon the faculty member, student, and topic, it is suggested that the paper format be that of a law review comment with footnotes; that it have a length of not less than 25 pages; and that the process of developing it include the scheduling of discussion and review of written scope notes, outlines, and drafts, as well as the final product. This course may not be taken during the summer session. However, this does not preclude a student's undertaking unsupervised research and background reading during the summer. This course is limited to two credits which may be awarded once during a student's enrollment. Double credit will not be awarded for the same paper submitted in another course. A professor may supervise no more than five independent research papers during a semester.

    LAWG 704 LLMUS ANTITRUST LAW (3)

    The study of the federal laws affecting competition between businesses. This course will examine the concepts of competition, market power, monopoly, and practices that might restrain trade. Mergers, boycotts, conspiracies, predation, joint ventures, price discrimination and marketing and other distribution restraints will be analyzed in light of the statutory desire to foster a more competitive economy. [Open Enrollment]

    LAWG 707 CHILD AND THE FAMILY (3)

    This course analyzes the rights and the status of children and parents in certain contexts, including an examination of constitutional issues specific to the family relationship. Students learn how to represent children in various types of cases. The course explores the topics of education, child abuse and neglect, foster care, termination of parental rights, and adoption. [Open Enrollment]

    LAWG 710 CONFLICT OF LAWS (3)

    Problems arising from events or occurrences as to the applicability of the law of different states or nations, jurisdiction as to the subject matter and the parties, full faith and credit to laws and judicial proceedings of other states, determining choice of law and its application to specific legal areas. [Open Enrollment]

    LAWG 711 LLMUS CONSTITUTIONAL CRIMINAL PROCEDURE I (3)

    An examination and analysis of constitutional principles governing the admissibility of evidence in criminal proceedings and regulating the conduct of criminal prosecutions, primarily focusing on the pre-trial stages. Subjects include the exclusionary rule; probably cause; arrest; search and seizure; electronic surveillance; compelled self-incrimination, immunity, and confessions, identification, right to counsel, preliminary hearing and pre-trial motions.

    LAWG 715 LLMUS BANKRUPTCY AND CREDITOR REMEDIES (3)

    Bankruptcy, with emphasis on consumer bankruptcy issues; common law compositions; assignments for the benefit of creditors; fraudulent conveyances; receivers; supplementary proceedings; and the enforcement of judgments. Recommended: Contracts I & II, Property.

    LAWG 716 LLMUS FAMILY LAW (3)

    The processes of marriage, divorce, and annulment. Topics covered include support obligations in the family; intra-family litigation; separation agreements; premarital controversies (antenuptial agreements and contracts of marriage); illegitimate children; the legal position of married women; intra-family tort liability; child custody; adoption; alimony; property disposition; jurisdiction; and other problems relating to the child. [Open Enrollment]

    LAWG 717 LLMUS BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS (4)

    A study of the various forms of business organizations and the laws governing them with an analysis of choice of business entity decisions. Coverage includes the law of agency, partnerships, limited partnerships, professional corporations, limited liability companies (LLC's) limited liability partnerships (LLP's), limited liability limited partnerships (LLLP's) and corporations ( with an emphasis on the closely-held and smaller corporations). Topics include formation, governance and dissolution of the various entities as well as a comparison of the roles, obligations, fiduciary duties, rights and remedies of the owners, management and creditors under each business form. In additon, the course may include introductions to the following: the forms of financing the entity- equity (partnership interests, membership interests, corporate stock or shares) and debt (bonds and debentures); and introductions to Federal Tax and Security Regulations, including corporate taxation, Subchapter S and insider trading. [Open Enrollment]

    LAWG 726 LLMUS IMMIGRATION LAW (3)

    An introduction to the laws dealing with aliens, i.e. non-immigrants, immigrants, undocumented persons, and refugees. Includes: an examination of the constitutional and statutory provisions and the underlying policies, procedures dealing with specific immigration issues; acquisition and loss of American citizenship; and proposals to reform the present law. [Open Enrollment]

    LAWG 728 LLMUS INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS TRANSACTION (3)

    International regulation of world economic activity; legal implications of free market and free trade philosophy; institutions affecting and controlling world trade regional roles, e.g., Common Market; methods of doing business; anti-trust laws; multi-nations; claim settling; exchange controls; analysis of current problems and trends. [Open Enrollment}.

    LAWG 729 LLMUS INTERNATIONAL LAW (3)

    Examination of the nature and sources of international law; procedures for handling disputes and claims; sanctions (e.g., economic, political, war); the roles of the individual, state, region and world organizations (United Nations); law of the sea and space; and an analysis of current problems and trends. Emphasis on substantive law. [Open Enrollment]

    LAWG 737 LLMUS EMPLOYMENT LAW (3)

    Analysis of statutory and common law principles arising in the workplace: the employer's obligations and the employees' rights. Topics covered include wrongful discharge and other employment torts, employment contracts, drug testing, occupational safety and health, individual employee rights, and wage and hour laws. The course briefly covers anti-discrimination laws and labor laws, but is not a substitute for either Employment Discrimination Law or Labor Law.

    LAWG 741 HEALTHCARE POLICY (3)

    This course examines the complex issues of health policy that affect American healthcare delivery system. The course will engage with new challenges, such as healthcare reform, healthcare financing, electronic records, outcome measurements, and the impact of technology on medical care and costs. A background in healthcare or healthcare policy is not necessary for this course. pre-requisite: none

    LAWG 742 LLMUS COMMERCIAL LAW (4)

    This course will introduce students to the creation, transfer and enforcement of negotiable instruments (e.g., checks and promissory notes) and the creation, priority and enforcement of security interests in personal property. This course will therefore cover Articles 3, 4 & 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code, as well as related case law and certain provisions of the United States Bankruptcy Code.

    LAWG 743 LLMUS SALES AND LEASES (3)

    Study of Articles 2 and 2A of the Uniform Commercial Code, including formation of sales and lease agreements, performance, warranty, risk of loss, remedies, and international issues under the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sales of Goods (CISG).

    LAWG 750 LLMUS MARITIME LAW (3)

    A survey of the maritime industry and the history of admiralty and maritime law; maritime tort and contract jurisdiction; in rem and in personam actions; marine insurance; cargo; charter parties; arbitration; maritime liens and ship mortgages; salvage; collision; personal injury (Jones Act and Longshoremen's Act); indemnity and contribution; limitation of shipowner's liability; practice and procedure; maritime arrest and attachment; towage and portage; pollution liability; and the involvement of the United States in maritime law and the maritime industry. Prerequisite: First-year day courses. [Open Enrollment]

    LAWG 751 LLMUS MARYLAND CIVIL PROCEDURE (3)

    The Maryland courts and their jurisdiction, with an emphasis on the Maryland Rules of Civil Procedures. Topics covered include commencement of actions and process; parties; pleadings (law and equity); dispositions and discovery'; trials; judgments; appeals (Court of Appeals and court of Special Appeals); and special proceedings. Prerequisites: None]

    LAWG 772 MARYLAND CRIMINAL PRACTICE (3)

    This class is designed for students who intend to practice in the trial courts of Maryland. This course will expose the students to the procedures utilized in both the District and Circuit Courts when dealing with Criminal cases. The course will prepare the students for the issues they will confront in a very practical way when representing a client charged with a crime whether petty or serious before the Maryland Trial Courts. Prerequisite : Criminal Law

    LAWG 777 LLMUS INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW: COURTS, CRIMES & DEFENSES (3)

    International Criminal Law is concerned with defining and punishing behavior that the international community deems to violate fundamental human values. Some of these crimes include Genocide, War Crimes, Crimes against Humanity, and Torture. This course will explore the history and development of International Criminal Law, the courts and tribunals charged with interpreting it, the elements of international crimes, and potential defenses. The course will touch upon contemporary and controversial topics, such as US reluctance to join the International Criminal Court, trafficking in persons, and terrorism. Prerequisites: Criminal Law Recommended

    LAWG 813 INTERVIEWING NEGOTIATING AND COUNSELING (3)

    Focus on the theory and techniques of interviewing, counseling, and negotiation, that are necessary for effective representation of clients. Such topics as question formulation, witness interviewing, structuring the counseling session, case evaluation, development of bargaining range and negotiation tactics will be covered. The teaching medium will be simulation. Students will act as attorneys weekly in mock cases and critique the videotaped performances of their classmates. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAWG 834 INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW SEMINAR (3)

    A survey of the developing law of international human rights addressing the history of the concept of human rights, international organizations and judicial fora, including a review of the primary international treaties and customary law principles, domestic and international refugee law and policies, review of the structure and role of regional organizations, the application of international human rights law in U.S. courts, a review of comparative constitutional law with regard to domestic implementation of international human rights norms, and researching public international law issues. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAWG 873 LLMUS INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW SEMINAR (3)

    An examination of efforts of the international community to define a common set of environmental standards by which individual acts of sovereign nations can be judged. Subjects considered in the course will include international law principles of transboundary liability, international environmental agreements (such as the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), and the treaties on migratory species, ozone protection, greenhouse gases, biodiversity and the Antarctic), bilateral environmental agreements, and indirect ways individual nations can be induced to act in an environmentally responsible manner. The role of the United Nations and other multilateral agencies also is examined. Recommended: Environmental Law. [Limited Enrollment]

    LAWG 900 THE LAW OF THE UNITED STATES (2)

    The purpose of this course is to serve as an orientation into the legal system of the United States.

    LAWG 953 FUNDAMENTALS OF FEDERAL INCOME TAX I (3)

    Basic concepts in federal income taxation, including gross income, exclusions, adjusted gross income, deductions, exemptions, credits, assignment of income, identification of the taxpayer, tax rates, depreciation, and the alternative minimum tax.

    LAWG 957 LLMUS FUND FED INCOME TAX II (3)

    Continuation of basic tax concepts including cash and accrual methods, capital gains and losses, 1231 transactions , recapture, original issue discount and imputed interest, below-market loans, installment sale, like kind exchanges, involuntary conversions, the at-risk-rules, and passive loss rules. [Admission by permission only]