MPX (monkeypox) Quick Facts
MPX is a rare disease caused by infection with the MPX virus, which is part of the same family of viruses as variola virus, the virus that causes smallpox. MPX symptoms are similar to smallpox symptoms, but milder, and MPX is rarely fatal. Anyone can get MPX and it as a public health concern for all. The CDC is carefully monitoring for MPX in the United States and continues to provide information about what MPX looks like and how to manage the illness.”
Signs and Symptoms
MPX symptoms usually start within three weeks of exposure. If someone has flu-like symptoms, they will usually develop a rash one to four days later. You may experience all or only a few symptoms.
- The rash will go through several stages, including scabs, before healing.
- The rash can initially look like pimples or blisters and may be painful or itchy.
How MPX Spreads
MPX can spread to anyone through close, often skin-to-skin, contact, including sexual contact. Examples include:
- direct contact with MPX rash, scabs, or body fluids from a person with MPX
- touching objects, fabrics (clothing, bedding), and surfaces that have been used by someone with MPX
- contact with respiratory secretions.
How to Protect Yourself
- Avoid close skin-to-skin contact (kissing, hugging, sex) with people who have a rash that looks like MPX.
- Avoid contact with objects and materials that a person with MPX has used.
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, especially before eating or touching your face and after you use the bathroom.
In general, contact your primary care provider (PCP) first if you are symptomatic or suspect that you've been exposed. If you do not have a PCP or are uninsured, contact your local health department.